GOVERNMENT -- CHAPTER 5
Terms in this set (34)
necessary and proper clause
how congress derives implied powers
each member is required to publicly state his or her vote.
Congress has the power to charge officials in the executive and judicial branches with wrongdoing and bring them to trial.
from necessary and proper clause
separation of powers
checks and balances
provision that bears little relationship to the bill's main topic.
The president may choose not to sign the bill. After 10 days (excluding Sundays), if Congress remains in session, the bill becomes law. But, if during those 10 days Congress adjourns—ends its session—the bill does not become law.
writ of habeas corpus
- Article I, Section 9, Clause 2
- court order that forces the police to present a person in court to face charges, except in cases of rebellion or invasion.
legal documents that require a person to testify in
a certain matter
powers stated in the constitution
What are the formal qualifications for the members of the Senate?
Article I, Section 3:
- at least 30 years old—five years older than
- a U.S. citizen for at least nine years—as
compared to seven for House members
- a resident of the state he or she represents
What are the formal qualifications for the members of the House?
Article I Section 2:
- At least 25 years old
- a U.S. citizen for at least seven years
- a resident of the state he/she represents
What are the informal qualifications for the members of the House?
- Appeal to voters from their district.
- military background
- ability to raise money is vital.
How long are the terms for members of the Senate?
How long are the terms for members of the House?
Why are district boundaries redrawn?
The party in power draws the boundaries to its own advantage to retain control of the state legislature and the federal House of Representatives.
redrawing district boundary lines
What is the leadership structure in the House?
- "House of Representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers . . ." (Article I, Section 2, Clause 5).
What is the leadership structure in the Senate?
- leadership structure that helps the chamber do its work
- generally less powerful than the House leadership
What type of committees are in the House of Representatives?
standing, select, joint
Which term applies to the 20 permanent committees?
What can the President do when he receives a bill from Congress?
When a Senate seat becomes vacant who usually appoints a replacement?
the 17th amendment calls for the Governor of the senator's state to appoint a replacement until a special election can be called
Who chooses the President if no candidate receives a majority of the Electoral College?
McCulloch v. Maryland 1819
- congress could create a national bank
- nesasary and proper clause
Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824
Wesberry v. Sanders, 1964
- one person, one vote
Reynolds v Sims, 1964
occurs when opponents of a measure take the floor of the Senate and refuse to stop talking in an effort to prevent the measure coming up for a vote.
what is the main way to end a filibuster?
60 Senators must vote "cloture" to end the debate
three categories of powers given to Congress in Article I Section 8 (3 categories).
1. government finance and revenue
2. regulation of commerce
3. national defense
difference between an "expressed power" and an "implied power".
expressed - written in constitution
implied - not
Article I Section 9- the limits the Constitution places on Congress.
14. EXPLAIN the multiple roles committees play in Congress.
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