overview 3, section 6 judical, section 5 exutive, unit 4, COnstitoosion flash crads
Terms in this set (58)
what does the legislative branch do?
what does the executive branch do?
what does the judical branch do?
How many articles are in the constitution?
what is the three-fifths clause?
in fact declared that for purposes of representation in Congress, enslaved blacks in a state would be counted as three-fifths of the number of white inhabitants of that state.
how many justices
who appoints justices?
who approves apointments to fedral corts
how long is justice term
3 levels of fedral corts
district, u.s. circuit, and the supreme court
cout of last resort
first woman justice?
Sandra day O' Connor
first african american justice?
first hispanic justice?
current chief justice?
John G. Roberts
head of executive?
wat powers does the president have?
appoint federal officials, sign or veto legislation, command the armed forces, and make treaties
when congrees passes a bill that can the president do with it?
veto, approve, or take no action
if the president does not sign while congress, wat happens?
10 days it becomes a law
if congress is not in session wat happens
the bill dies
congress fraction to override veto?
vice president votes only when?
if the senate ties on something
the president's advisers are called the
how many departments of cabinet?
wat is the the head of the departments called
wat is a treaty?
an agreement between nations
when the pres frees someone from punishement wat is that called
how long is pres term?
how many terms can a pres be pres?
a president must be
35 years old, a us citizen for 14 years, and a natural born citizen
how many senators for each state?
how many representatives does each state have?
at least 1
what is the length of the term for a senator?
what is the legnth of the term for a representitive?
what is the minimum age to be a senetor?
what is the minimum age to be a representative?
how many members of the senate are there?
how many representitives are ther?
both houses of congress_____ to pass the bill
The president_________the bill into a law
what can the president do to prevent the bill from becoming a law?
make a veto
what has to happen for congress to overrule a veto?
2/3 must vote to
when the federal gov needs to spend money, what can congress do?
increase taxes and borrow money
what are three exclusive powers of the house?
initiate revenue bills, impeach officials, and elect the president if there is an electoral college tie
what are 4 powers of the senate?
approve treaties, tries impeachments, approve executive appointments, and select the vice president if there is an electoral college tie
when was the deceleration of independence written?
who wrote the original draft of the declaration of independence?
name the two sides that fought the Revolutionary War?
colonists and the British
what did the states ratify in 1777
the articles of confederation
name a weakness of the Articles of Confederation
No power to the government
why was the constitutional convention held?
to fix the articles of confederation
who presided over the constitutional convention?
where was the constitutional convention held?
what is the US constitution?
the supreme law of the land
Who is considered to be the father of the constitution?
what kind of government does the constitution establish?
a democratic republic
when was the constitution written?
when was the constitution ratified?