67 terms

Social Studies Review 5th Grade TN Ready

This is a set reviewing every thing we did this year.
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Brown v. Board of Education
The 1954 Supreme Court decision holding that school segregation in Topeka, Kans., was inherently unconstitutional because it violated the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of equal protection. This case marked the end of legal segregation in the United States.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city buses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
The March on Washington
In 1963, Congress was discussing a bill to end segregation in the United States. To show support for the bill, Dr. King and other civil rights leaders organized a protest march in Washington, D.C. Over 200,000 people took part. Dr. King gave his most famous speech at the march. His speech became known as the "I Have a Dream" speech.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
President Lyndon Johnson worked with Congress to pass this law. It banned segregation in schools, workplaces, and public places such as restaurants and theatres.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Law passed by Congress making it illegal to prevent or hinder citizens from voting because of their racial or ethnic backgrounds
Thurgood Marshall
The first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Prior to becoming a judge, he was a lawyer who was best remembered for his activity in the Little Rock 9 and his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education
Rosa Parks
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
Martin Luther King, Jr.
America's greatest civil rights leader. His nonviolent protests gained national attention and resulted in government protection of African American rights. He was assassinated in 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee
UNITED NATIONS
The international organization that was formed during WWII, led by the United States, and its allies, in order to keep peace in the world.
COLD WAR
A "war of ideas between the communist Soviet Union and the democratic United States. .During this "war", the United States and other countries tried to stop the spread of communism.
KOREAN WAR
June 1950, communist North Korea invaded the republic of South Korea, which was supported by the United States. The US convinced NATO to defend South Korea in the KOREAN WAR. Fighting was agreed to stop in 1953, with no true victors as North and South Korea remained divided.
NATO (North Atlanta Treaty Organization)
An alliance composed of the Leaders from the United States, Canad, Britain, and most of the noncommunist countries of Europe. The purpose was to protect eachother, and other countries, from being forced into communsion by the Soviet Union.
NIKITA KHRUSCHEV
Leader of the Soviet Union during the second half of the Cold War and during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS
October, 1962, the United States discovered that the Soviet Union was secretly putting powerful missles on the island of Cuba (90 miles south of Florida). President Kennedy orders a blockade of the island nation preventing Soviet ships from reaching Cuba. After several days of tense times, and the threat of nuclear war, Khrushchev decided to remove the missiles from Cuba. In return, Kennedy promised not to attack Cuba.
VIETNAM WAR
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
Babe Ruth
The greatest baseball player of the 1920's. He set a record for hitting 60 home runs in one season.
Louis Armstrong
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
Henry Ford
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
Charles Lindbergh
First to fly solo across the Atlantic in 1927
Duke Ellington
United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader during the Harlem Renaissance
Herbert Hoover
31st President of the United States, president of the U.S from 1929-1933 leader of the US in the beginning of the great depression.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President - He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation's leader during most of WWII
What is a cattle drive?
When cowhands led cattle to the railheads following trails where water and grass were available
How did barbed wire change the life of the cattle ranchers?
Settlers blocked the trails with barbed wire fences.
13th Amendment
All slaves are free
14th Amendment
Foreign born citizens can vote
15th Amendment
All men get the right to vote no matter what their race or skin color is
19th Amendment
Women have the right to vote.
fascism
A political belief system in which the government controls the economy, culture, and all parts of people's lives.
dictator
A ruler who has total control of a country and its people.
racism
The idea that one race, or group of people, is better than other races.
mobilize
To get ready to fight, such as in war.
internment camp
A place where prisoners are held during wartime.
aircraft carrier
A large ship that carries airplanes far from land.
atomic bomb
A powerful bomb that can destroy an entire city.
concentration camp
A place where large numbers of people are held prisoner and forced to work.
Pearl Harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. The attack occurred on December 7, 1941.
Iwo Jima
United States fought for and captured this Pacific Island; the battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign of World War II; major island in island hopping campaign
D-Day
June 6, 1944 - Led by General Dwight D. Eisenhower, over a million troops stormed the beaches at Normandy (France) and began the process of re-taking France. This was the turning point of World War II.
Holocaust
The Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Hiroshima
A city in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
Nagaski
August 9, 1945, a 2nd atomic bomb was dropped on this city in Japan three days after the first one, killing over 40,000 people. This caused Emperor Hirohito to force the Japanese government to surrender on August 10, 1945.
Harry S. Truman
President of the United States after FDR's death; approved the use of the atomic bomb against Japan
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
The 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and WWII. He is the only president to have been elected 4 times, a feat no longer permissible due to the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution.
Josef Stalin
The leader of Russia during WWII - wanted to spread communism throughout the world
Winston Churchill
Great Britain's Prime Minister throughout most of World War II and along with FDR planned many allied campaigns.
Emperor Hirohito
Emperor of Japan during WWII
Benito Mussolini
Fascist leader of Italy during WWII
Adolf Hitler
Leader of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich in Germany during World War II.
Rosie the Riveter
Symbol of American women who went to work in factories during World War II
Tuskegee Airmen
An all-black unit of fighter pilots during WWII. They trained in Tuskegee, Alabama and won many awards for bravery. They never lost a single pilot during their campaigns.
Navajo Code Talkers
During WWII, Navajo soldiers who used their own language to radio vital messages during the island-hopping campaign
alliance
an agreement nations make to support and defend each other
trench warfare
when soldiers fight from long, narrow ditches
rations
limits on the amount of goods people could have
propaganda
information that is used to shape people's thinking
armistice
an agreement to stop fighting
What happened in 1914 that led to WWI?
Austria Hungary declared war on Serbia.
What made the United States enter the war?
Germany attacked American ships.
What is rationing?
Setting limits on goods civilians can have.
Who were the new workers in factories when the men went overseas to fight in the war?
African Americans and women
Why did the Allied leaders meet in France in 1919?
To write the Treaty of Versailles
Some Allied leaders used the Treaty of Versailles to:
punish Germany by taking land and money.
Who was the president during WWI
Woodrow Wilson
What was the purpose of the League of Nations?
To solve problems peacefully and avoid war
How did trench warfare change the way war was fought?
Soldiers fought and lived on the battlefield
How did the Treaty of Versailles impact Germany?
They had to accept full responsibility for causing the war
They had to give up land
They had to pay compensation to the Allies for the war
They were not allowed to make or export weapons
Germany became isolated and distrusted by other countries