76 terms

Professional Educator Exam

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Constructivism
Learner centered approach. Students construct based on what they already know. Create an environment where the student is constructing their own knowledge through active inquiry in light of previous knowledge
Behaviorism
Based on 2 learning theories that can be applied to adjust design and planning. Using immediate consequences to weaken or strengthen a learners response
Field dependent
Holistically, sees relational concepts, active socially, group work, chooses history art and social work
Right brain
Thinks from whole to part. Approach to problem-solving is random. Learn better with visuals. Sees patterns and relationships. Can do several tasks at once. Likes group work and social activity. Seating in dim light with relaxed music. Creative
Left brain
Deductive learner. Analytic. Thinks from part to whole. Logical. Depends on words for meaning. Structured. Independent. Likes quiet bright seating. Thinks that they are not creative
Field independent
Processes in parts. Passive in social situations. Less peer influence. Works alone. Prefers math and science
Conservation
The logical thinking ability to recognize a constant property under different conditions
Inquiry-based
A form of active learning that starts by posing questions, problems or scenarios
Running record
An assessment tool when a student reads a passage will the teacher follows along and keeps a written record
Inclusion
Means that a student is receiving an education in a general education regular class setting with appropriate services provided
Semantics
The study of vocabulary. Study of meanings created by words, phrases, and sentences
Lexicon
Vocabulary used in a particular profession or subject area
Cognitive domain
Involved with your cognitive thinking abilities, recall facts, Judge quality. The act of knowing
Hyperbole
An exaggerated statement or claim that is not meant to be taken literally
Scaffolding
Providing temporary support for learning and problem-solving. Such as giving clues, reminders, encouragement and examples
Discourse
The interactive exchanges including talking, sharing, explaining, justifying, defending, agreeing, and disagreeing among the students and the teacher in the classroom
Register
A particular part of the range of a voice or instrument. Use of different language forms
Receptive language
Listening and reading
Pedagogy
The art and science of teaching. The practice of teaching
Kohlberg
He believed that moral development occurs in specific sequence of stages. There are six stages of moral reasoning
6 stages of moral reasoning
1. Punishment obedience
2. Instrumental-relativist orientation
3. Good boy - Nice girl
4. Law-order orientation
5. Social contract orientation
6. Universal ethical principle
Alphabetic principle
Concepts that letters and letter patterns represents sounds of spoken language
Prosody
Pitch, phrasing, annotation and expression
Assessments
The process of measuring the degree to which instructional objective has been attained
Formative assessment
These are done before and during the learning process. Examples are diagnostic, progress monitoring, or informal
Summative assessment
An assessment that is following instruction. End of year. Examples are standardize state testing, Norm referenced, End of unit, report card, exams, SAT, project or paper.
Divergent questions
These are open ended questions that have many responses
Convergent questions
These are closed ended questions with limited response to check understanding
Steps to literacy
Oral language, concepts of print, letter knowledge, and Phonological sensitivity
Blooms taxonomy
Knowledge
Comprehension
Application
Analysis
Synthesis
Evaluation
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
1. Physiological Needs: food and shelter
2. Safety
3. Belongingness and love
4. Esteem needs
5. Self actualization
Types of play
Gestwiki characterized play as spontaneous, freely chosen activity. This is an important component of developmentally practice in early childhood. It supports cognitive, physical, emotional and social development
Increasing sophistication of play
Functional (0-2)
Symbolic (2)
Games with rules (school aged)
Progressive stages of play
Onlooker
Solitary
Parallel
Associative
Cooperative
Deductive reasoning
A type of logical reasoning that is using a rule to draw a conclusion about a specific example. For example if all rectangles are parallelograms, because a square is a rectangle it must also be a parallelogram
Syllogistic reasoning
A type of deductive reasoning that is a logical argument that applies based on two or more propositions assumed to be true
Conditional reasoning
A type of deductive reasoning. If A then B. So, if A is true then B is also true
Inductive reasoning
Is a logical reasoning used to make a decision. Drawing a conclusion based on one or more examples. Look at specific examples and try to identify the pattern that fits
second language development
Level 1: silent period
Level 2: early production
Level 3: speech emergence
Level 4: intermediate fluency
Level 5: Advanced fluency
Silent Period
Lasts up to six months. Shy but listens, nonverbal, visuals and repetition
Early production period
Lasts up to six months, 1 to 2 word answers, limited comprehension, use group work
Speech emergence period
Can take 1 to 3 years to achieve. Uses short sentences, increase comprehension. Teacher use word banks
Intermediate fluency period
Can take 3 to 4 years to achieve. Uses BICS. Early use in CALP. Can use sentences, phrases, debate, and analyze
Advanced fluency Period
Takes 5 to 6 years to achieve. Has achieved CALP, good comprehension, listens, speaks, rights. Continue using scaffolding in teaching
Acronym
And abbreviation formed from the initial letter of other words and pronounced as a word
Phonics
The relationship between the letters of written language in individual sounds of spoken language
Decoding
Sounding out
Fluency
The ability to read text accurately, quickly, and expressively
Letter knowledge
The ability to recognize and name upper and lower case letters
Phonological sensitivity
The ability to detect and manipulate rhymes, syllables, or phonemes, blending and onset rimes
LY
Code for a current ELL student
LF
Code for a former ELL student. Less than 2 years exited
LZ
Code for a former ELL student. More than 2 years exited
ZZ
Non ELL student
CELLA
Comprehensive English language learning assessment. State approved assessment for English language proficiency
ESE Differentiation
Based on English language proficiency and or academic need. Instruction and intervention must consider ELLs native language proficiency and cultural background or experiences
Multi-culturism
Celebrating diversity. The first step is for a teacher to examine their own view and feelings about culture differences. Awareness of practices common in various cultures so you will recognize their behavior and not misinterpret
SAC
A state mandate advisory group of the principal, teachers, educational support staff, parents and businesses in the community
What is the purpose of SAC?
Assisting in the preparation and evaluation of the school improvement plan and in preparation of the schools annual budget. They help the school focus on setting measurable and attainable objectives consistent with the states educational priorities
Teaching methods for literacy
Question and answering, reciprocal teaching, summarizing, or graphic organizer
Probing
Communication technique of eliciting more information from a student for the purpose of it obtaining clarification for their contribution to a discussion
Norm referenced
Compare students to a group of the same age or grade level of test takers
Observation
The process of looking and listening, noticing the important elements of a performance or a product
Withitness
A teachers awareness of what's going on in all parts of a classroom
Cooperative learning
Allows students to assume responsibility for their own learning as they work together to complete a project or activity. For most critical thinking skills. Encourages students to help each other
NGSSS
Next generation sunshine state standards
How does NGSSS help with planning a lesson?
It identifies appropriate goals and objectives for their students. Carefully planned and differentiated according to the MTSS. Identify objectives within the framework for your course
Concrete sequential
Hands on linear
Concrete random
Hands on exploratory
Abstract sequential
Abstract, logical sequence, analytic
Abstract random
Mentally challenging activities in an informal setting
Homework
Low context- high cognitive demand
Idiom
Expressions, peculiar or characteristic of a given language, that are difficult to understand when translated literally
Pragmatics
The use of language and social context
Syntax
The systematic arrangement of words in a sentence
classroom size
PK-3: 18
4-8: 22
9-12: 25