38 terms

global

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Cold war system
one overarching feature and that was division...all your threats and opportunities as a country or company tended to flow from who you were divided from. And that system was symbolized by one word: The Wall, the Berlin Wall.
Globalized system
one overarching feature and that is integration. In this new system all your threats and opportunities increasing flow from who you are connected to, and it is symbolized by a single word: The Web, the World Wide Web.
tarrifs
Taxes levied by a gov. on imports
quotas
Established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year
austerity
a set of economic policies a government undertakes to control public sector debt
stimulus measurs
reinvigorate the economy and prevent or reverse a recession by boosting employment and spending.
offshoring
moving production or support processes to foreign countries
informing
accessing large amounts of data from different management information systems
open sourcing
allows anyone to modify program code
insourcing
the creation of domestic jobs by foreign employers
supply-chaining
a global supply chain to make-as-sell
central planning
the government plans and designs the buildings, roads and services of a city
capitalism
is the movement to grow a system (any system such as communication systems) to a globalized scale.
IMF
189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world
World Bank
an international bank that offers low-interest loans, advice, and information to developing nations
TPP
was a secretive, multinational trade agreement that threatened to extend restrictive intellectual property (IP) laws across the globe and rewrite international rules on its enforcement. The agreement was finally abandoned in November 2016 following the U.S. Presidential election.
AU
to rid the continent of the remaining vestiges of colonization and apartheid; to promote unity and solidarity among African States; to coordinate and intensify cooperation for development; to safeguard the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Member States and to promote international cooperation within the framework of the United Nations.
ASEAN
To promote economic growth, social progress, and cultural development in south east Asian region
NAFTA
an agreement among the United States, Canada and Mexico designed to remove tariff barriers between the three countries.
League of Arab States
draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the countries
OAS
An international organization that includes the United States and over thirty nations in Latin America. It was founded in the 1940s to promote the peaceful settlement of disputes and economic cooperation among members.
Green peace
resistance in opposition to commercial whaling, the dumping of toxic waste into the sea, and nuclear testing. It is an example of an NGO.
Doctors with borders
international humanitarian group dedicated to providing medical care to people in distress, including victims of political violence and natural disasters.
Human Rights watch
one of the world's leading independent international non governmental organizations that aim to defend and protect human rights
IAEA
an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons
WTO
the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations, agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world's trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. Made after WW2
OPEC
coordinate the petroleum policies of its members, and to provide member states with technical and economic aid.
ICJ
commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It settles legal disputes between member states and gives advisory opinions to authorized UN organs and specialized agencies
Globalization Pro
Neoliberalism believe it develops the global economy making the world more prosperous and efficent
Globalization Con
Harms poor countries, the environment, and labor protections as well as reducing cultural diversity by making all parts of the world the same. Anti-war is also a strong belief
Trade barrier
An impediment that a country imposes to limit or burden trade
protectionism
restricting trade to benefit domestic producers
General Assembly
The principal deliberative body of the United Nations, in which each member nation is represented and has one vote. The supreme governing body of some religious denominations.
International Court of Justice
A division of the United Nations that settles legal disputes submitted to it by member nations.
Economic and Social Council
one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, responsible for coordinating the economic, social, and related work of 15 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions. The ECOSOC has 54 members.
Secretariat
'Civil service' of the UN. It has an international staff of 15000 to service the various commissions and agencies. The head is the Secretary General.
Security Council
An important division of the United Nations that contains five permanent members — the United States, Britain, China, France, and Russia — and ten rotating members. It is often called into session to respond quickly to international crises.
Trusteeship Council
one of the principal organs of the United Nations, was established to help ensure that trust territories were administered in the best interests of their inhabitants and of international peace and security.