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60 terms

PHP 317- Drug Quiz #1

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Metformin Hydrochloride
Antidiabetic...Glucophage
Metformin Hydrochloride Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 500mg, 850mg, 1000mg
Lower Blood Glucose Levels
Metformin Hydrochloride Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
Lacti acidosis, metallic taste, bloating, take with meals (morning), stay hydrated
Rosuvastatin Calcium
Antihyperlipidemic....Crestor
Rosuvastiatin Calcium Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 5mg, 10mg, 20mg, 40mg
Rosuvastatin Calcium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
myalgia, no pregnant or alcohol, skip missed does if 8hrs has lapsed
Warfarin Sodium
Anticoagulant (stops blood clotting)...Coumadin
Warfarin Sodium Doasge and Indications
Tablets: 1mg, 2mg, 2.5mg, 3mg, 4mg, 5mg, 6mg, 7.5mg, 10mg
Powder: 2mg/2.5mL
Potent Anticoagulant Medication
Warfarin Sodium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
unusual bleeding, avoid alcohol and aspirin, don't stop or begin other medication without asking dr.
Levothyroxine Sodium
Hormone/Thyroid...Synthroid/Levoxyl, Levothroid
Levothyroxine Sodium Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 25, 50, 75, 88, 100, 112, 125, 137, 150, 175, 200, 300mcg
Injection: 200mcg and 500mcg per vial
Replace thyroid function
Levothyroxine Sodium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
overdose, hair loss, and don't stop without asking dr.
Amoxicillin
Antibiotic...Amoxil
Amoxicillin Dosage and Indications
Chewable Tablets: 125mg and 250mg
Tablets: 500mg, 775mg, and 875mg
Capsules: 250mg and 500mg
Powder (oral):50mg, 125mg, 200mg, 250mg, and 400mg all per 5mL
Kills Bacteria
Amoxicillin Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
Vomit/Diarrhea, Rash, Hives, Itch, take on EMPTY stomach with full glass of water, complete full therapy, keep refrigerated and discard after 14 days
Clopidogrel
Hematological Agent...Plavix
Clopidogrel Dosage and Indications
75mg and 300mg
Reduces atherosclerotic events (thickening of artery wall from build up of fatty acids)
Clopidogrel Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
upper resp tract infection, allergic reaction, take without regard to meals, bleeding time increased
Hydrocodone
Opiod Analgesic (reduce pain)....Vicodin and Lortab
Hydrocodone Dosage and Indications
See chart and take as needed (1 to 2 tabs or 3 teaspoons every 4 to 6 hrs)
Hydrocodone Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
Dizziness, Constipation, Nausea, HABIT forming, avoid alcohol
Atorvastatin
antihyperlipidemic...Lipitor
Atorvastatin Doasge and Indications
Tablets:10mg, 20mg, 40mg, and 80mg
Reduces elevated cholesterol
Atorvastatin Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
constipation, diarrhea, follow diet, avoid sun and alcohol, avoid becoming pregnant
Simvastatin
Antihyperlipidemic...Zocor
Simvastatin Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 5mg, 10mg, 20mg, 40mg, and 80mg
Reduce elevated cholesterol
Simvastatin Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
constipation, follow diet, avoid sun, don't become pregnant, limit alcohol, NO GRAPEFRUIT JUICE
Lisinopril
Antihypertensive...Zestril and Prinivil
Lisinopril Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 2.5mg, 5mg, 10mg, 20mg, 30mg, and 40mg
lowers high blood pressure
Lisinopril Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
Dizziness, Headaches, Fatigue, NO salt substitues, avoid non-prescription meds, watch for signs of swelling
Esomeprazole Magnesium
Gastric Antisecretory...Nexium
Esomeprazole Magnesium Dosage and Indications
Capsules: 20mg and 40mg
Granules: 10mg, 20mg, and 40mg
Powder for Injection: 20mg and 40mg
Esophagitis, Gastro Reflux Disease, and Gastric Ulcers
Esomeprazole Magnesium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
eat 60 minutes prior to eating, swallow whole, can take antacids at same time, can mix granules with water
Metoprolol Succinate
Antihypertensive...Toprol-XL
Metoprolol Succinate Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 25mg, 50mg, 100mg, and 200mg
Lower high blood pressure
Metoprolol Succinate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
shortness of breath, bradycardia, let dr. know if you have hear failure, take with food, don't take crushed or chewed, DIABETES PATIENTS-masks hypoglycemic symptoms
Metoprolol Tartrate
Antihypertensive...Lopressor
Metoprolol Tartrate Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 25mg, 50mg, and 100mg
Injection: 5mg/5mL
Manage hypertension
Metoprolol Tartrate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
shortness of breath, depression, bradycardia, DIABETES PATIENTS-masks hypoglycemic symptoms
Hydrochlorothiazide
Diuretic...HCTZ
Hydrochlorothiazide Dosage and Indications
Capsules: 12.5mg
Tablets: 25mg and 50mg
heart failure and renal dysfunction
Hydrochlorothiazide Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
muscle cramps, GI distress, blurred vision, take in EARLY AM, avoid sun
Furosemide
Diuretic...Lasix
renal disease and cirrhosis of liver
Furosemide Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 20mg, 40mg, and 80mg
Oral Solution: 10mg/mL(orange) and 40mg/5mL
Injection: 10mg/mL
Furosemide Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
hearing loss, anemia, take in EARLY AM, orthostatic hypotension (dizzy spells)
Albuterol Sulfate
Antiasthmatic....Proair HFA
Albuterol Sulfate Dosage and Indications
HFA Inhaler: 108mcg per spray
Solution: 0.5% concentrated and 0.083% unit dose
Relieft of bronchospasm, prevent bronchospasms, and prevent exercise induced bronchospasms
Albuterol Sulfate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
tremor, tachycardia, palpitations, don't take more than recommended
Escitalopram Oxalate
Antidepressant...Lexapro
Escitalopram Oxaltae Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 5mg, 10mg, and 20mg
Oral Solution: 5mg/5mL (peppermint)
Relieves depression
Escitalopram Oxalate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
ejaculation disorder, insomnia, impair motor skills, avoid alcohol, pay attention to mood changes (suicidal thoughts), might need 2 weeks to show noticeable improvement
Amlodipine
Antihypertensive...Norvasc
Amlodipine Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 2.5mg, 5mg, and 10mg
Treat hypertension
Amlodipine Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
flushing, fatigue, ab pain, take without regard to meals, DO NOT take OTC cough/cold meds with consulting dr.
Montelukast Sodium
Antiasthmatic...Singular
Montelukast Sodium Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 10mg
Chewable Tablets (cherry): 4mg and 5mg
Granules: 4mg/packet
Treats Asthma and Exercise Induced Asthma
Montelukast Sodium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
resemble placebo, treats chronic asthma so take regularly, doesn't treat attacks, contains PHENYLALANINE
Azithromycin Dihydrate
Macrolide Antibiotic (fights gram positive bacteria)....Zithromax
Azithromycin Dihydrate Dosage and Indications
Tablets: 250mg, 500mg, 600mg
Z-Pak: 6-250mg tablets
Tri-Pak: 3-500mg tablets
Powder: 300mg, 600mg, 900mg, and 1200mg
Powder for injection: 500mg (per vial)
Azithromycin Dihydrate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation
*pain at injection site, take without regard to meals, report severe diarrhea, shake well, take missed dose ASAP