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The 1950s and The Cold War
Terms in this set (44)
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
House Un-American Activities Committee
an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives that looked into suspected communists.
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
GI Bill of Rights
Law Passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher education
concentration on producing and distributing goods for a market which must constantly be enlarged.
a U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
one that is dominated politically and economically by a more powerful nation
American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. worsened East-West relations during the Cold War and was a great embarrassment for the United States.
Nonconformist's in th 1950's. Led by poeple such as writer Jack Kerouac and poet Allen Ginsberg, they believed and encouraged individuality in an age of conformity. Used drugs, wrote poetry, and rebelled: formed mold from which hippies would come.
civilian intelligence agency of the United States. Its primary function is obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and persons in order to advise public policymakers
This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years.
latitudinal line that divided North and South Korea at approximatly the midpoint of the peninsula
National Defense Education Act provided money for education and training in science, math, and foreign languages
the first artificial satellite, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957
hydrogen bomb invented in 1950's, MORE powerful than atomic bomb, example of Cold War arms race
A subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city. Many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls.
Rock 'n Roll
became a popular music genre in the fifties with the introduction of Elvis Presley
People's Republic of China
Communist government of mainland China; proclaimed in 1949 following military success of Mao Zedong over forces of Chiang Kai-shek and the Guomindang.
an independent agency of the United States government responsible for aviation and spaceflight
Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later.
A cohort of individuals born in the United States between 1946 and 1964, which was just after World War II in a time of relative peace and prosperity. These conditions allowed for better education and job opportunities, encouraging high rates of both marriage and fertility.
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
emerged as a leader in the Soviet Union after the death of dictator Stalin.
Harry S. Truman
The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945.
J Edgar Hoover
FBI directer who urged HUAC to hold public hearings on communist subversion to find communist sympathisers and fellow travelers to isolate them and their influence. FBI sends agents to infiltrate groups suspected of subversion and wiretoppa telephnones
This man became the leader of the Chinese Communist Party and remained its leader until his death. He declared the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 and supported the Chinese peasantry throughout his life.
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
president 1953-61; lessen Cold War tensions; ended Korean War; coordinated Operation Overlord before becoming president
Dr. Jonas Salk
Developed the polio vaccine
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
was the author of the best-selling book On the Road, which epitomized the Beat Generation of the late 1940s and early 1950s.
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
Ethel and Julius were accused of stealing and plotting to convey atomic secrets to Soviet agents. A jury found them guilty of espionage, Albert Einstein, the pope, and the president of France all pleaded for clemency. They died in the electric chair on June 19, 1953.
John F. Kennedy
president during part of the Cold War and especially during the superpower rivalry and the cuban missile crisis. he was the president who went on tv and told the public about the crisis and allowed the leader of the soviet union to withdraw their missiles. other events during his term was the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnam war.
Interstate Highway Act
1956 law that authorized the spending of $32 billion to build 41,000 miles of highway
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
In 1949, the United States, Canada, and ten European nations formed this military mutual-defense pact. In 1955, the Soviet Union countered NATO with the formation of the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance among those nations within its own sphere of influence.
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
provide anti-communist aid to Greece and Turkey, it pledged to provide U.S. military and economic aid to any nation threatened by communism.
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