214 Midterm Multiple Choice
Terms in this set (63)
The Apadana at Persepolis can best be described as
A multi columned hall
The main structutral element used in Roman aqueducts is the
The people who most influenced the early Romans were
The Palace of Diocletian is located in
Diocletian was a mentor to
The Roman camp plan is similar to:
A Grid Plan
What key ingredient did the Romans find that enabled them to invent concrete.
What do the terms Decamanus and Cardo Maximus refer to?
The main streets of the grid plan
The Church of San Vitale is a
The Church of San Vitale is located in
Which Roman building consists of a vast dome upon a circular base, with a portico in the front?
What is a triclinium?
A formal dining room where the guest lie down to eat.
What are insulae
Middle class Roman Apartment buildings
What best describes Hadrian's Villa
An asymmetrical plan containing pieces that in themselves are symmetrical
The temple of Fortuna Primigenia
Is an example of an early Roman temple, which is built around a fountain
A Marytrium forum is
The Hagia Sophia is located in
Which Roman building is known for using the Tuscan Ionic and Corinthian Orders
As a reflection of his personality, Nero's house was
Grandly scaled with lavish entertainment spaces
What were the architects of the Hagia Sophia
Anthemius of Tralles Isidore of Miletus
Which emperors were the strongest proponents of the Matryrium form.
Justinian and Constantine
Before it was used as a church, the Basilica in Trier was used as
Which emperor converted to Christianity, legalized it and saw himself as the thirteenth Apostle.
The Byzantines used a structural device to transition from a dome to a square base. This is called a:
Byzantium takes its name from
A greek king
Classic Greek Architecture
geometric period; earliest buildings used wood, marble became prevalent medium.
one of the earliest marble structures, marks the start of Classic greek arch. chubby columns, details from previous wood structures incorporated in marble structure.
stone platform in Athens for townspeople to speak and vote, basis for democracy.
major battles: Marathon (490, Greek victory), Thermopylae (480, won by Persians), Salamis (480, naval battle won by greeks)
supported Greece in Ionian revolt financially, etc. had a bank showcasing Classic greek architecture
447-432, considered the most perfect building in ancient arch. Used golden ratio, columns perfected, optics considered to optimize perceived symmetry, inspired by megaron (note floor plans). Iktinos and Callicrates = architects, sculpture by Phidias
upper part of Athens, meant for worship
annual march by Athenians up to Acropolis to celebrate and make offerings to gods
tells story of Panathenaia (currently held by UK in museum, but Greece wants it)
prominent CG architect, designed Propylaea, Erectheion
showcased both doric and ionic columns to symbolize unity (angle of temple of Athena is intentional! meant as ode to the conquered). Gateway of athens. Built by Mnesicles
used ionian columns, female statues as columns, aka caryatids. serves as proof that classical columns based off human body. in Acropolis. Classic Greek. Built by Mnesicles.
associated with Apollo; where prophesies were given by prophet/oracle in cave below. Known as bellybutton of the world. Classic Greek.
Temple of Apollo at Bassae
also designed by Iktinos, first instance of classical arch meant for users to enter. statue of worship was a column (symbolic vs literal) Classic Greek.
ionic columns! Temples got smaller, became frontal/meant to look at rather than interact (result of violent period of time, loss of focus on beauty and worship) Think Alexander the Great
Had altar of Zeus, Attalus; Hellenistic City bought for power, had strong banks and greek theaters.
Temple of Apollo at Didyma
entrance encased in columns, stairs to create sense of mystery/tension. expanded idea of the spectacle in architecture, individual in building given increasing consideration. Hellenistic.
another important hellenistic city; significant bc it was built in difficult terrain, buildings placed with visual consideration. Used hippodamian plan (strict grid)
used ionic columns, statues of neriads showcased greek sense of simplicity. also showcased carvings of how greeks were conquered. Hellenistic.
used arches, considered occupants/interior (vs the greek exterior/visual approach)
Roman half circle theater, did not need physical slope of land for support!
aka Flavian Amphitheater, full circle theater. Roman.
example of an early mall. Roman.
multigod worship in one temple. combined domes and rectangles awkwardly. Roman.
primary Byzantine city
showcased 32 meter dome, collapsed the first build. dome and square reconciled through pendentive (unlike roman pantheon which struggled to combine the two)
Golden House of Nero
guard guiding you through his collection, extremely organized in architecture (compared to hadrian villa)
asymmetrical symmetry, water wall. hinge shape in plan serves as a point of generation. fairly random in plan layout.
city famous for Pharos lighthouse and library. they were intellectual. run by cleopatra
circle in center to represent cosmos, octagonal, buttresses. meant to signify jesus. roman + christian architecture. Justinian and Theodoric responsible for form.
long rectangle, sometimes columns. forms began as courthouses, now churches.
Pont du garde
aqueduct, example of resilience of roman arches
temple dedicated to the goddess Pax, of peace. animal sacrifices happened
grid plan, has two main roads; dechamanus runs north/south, cartomaximus runs east/west
temple around a fountain. Roman.
First basilica, acquired by christians when Constantine legalized Christianity
St. Sergius and Bacchus
showcased Roman-inspired architecture w a goal to reclaim. Saw Basilica form as rooted in pagan beliefs.
Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe
Basilica form, very strong.