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Terms in this set (68)
Who is the sociologist who created the looking-glass self?
(Charles Horton) Cooley
Family, peers, the media, and teachers are examples of what?
Agents of socialization
Joe teaches his son how to cook as he is aware that his son will need these skills when he moves out next month. this is an example of?
Jose and his family moved the the US from Mexico. Jose learns English while attending high school and teaches his parents a little each night, as their primary language is Spanish. This is an example of?
According to your text, schools serving low-income children put greater emphasis on?
children who are reared in social isolation may be unlikely to form a fully developed self-image, which may lead to emotional problems in the future. These children, according to the ?, may never develop a self image that reflects how others respond to them.
The difference between humans and non-humans, according to Mead, is that only humans are?
able to interact on the basis of significant symbols
According to Mead, one of the key functions of language is?
to make the mind and mental processes possible
Humans are able to interact with large numbers of people and interpret the meaning of what others say and do and understand the complexity of others plans. This concept is referred to as?
Sue is 8 and loves to dress up as a princess along with her brother, John, who is 6, and loves to dress up as a cowboy. According to Mead, Sue and John are in the ? stage?
According to Mead, the self and the ? are central to the development of human beings/
Mike is 10 and is a pitcher on the baseball team. He needs to understand his own position as well as the duties of the other people on his team in order to be successful as a pitcher. According to Mead, Mike is in the ? stage.
Sue goes to a movie with her friends. her phone starts ringing during the movie and she is aware that this is quite distracting to others around her, so she silences the phone. This is an example of?
The generalized other
the part of the self that is incalculable, unpredictable, and creative is?
According to the text, globalization has little effect on self development? T/F
The concept of dramaturgy was created by?
? is the view that social life is a series of dramatic performances, akin to those that take place in a theatre and on a stage.
Mary goes on her first job interview after recently graduating from college. She gets up early that day to iron her clothes and fix her hair. This is an example of ? according to Goffman.
Many students feel as if the college classroom is their ? stage because they are very concerned about how others view them and want t make sure that they answer questions posed by the teacher correctly.
When sue comes home from work she gets changed and takes off her makeup. She is not concerned with her appearance as she is not going out for the rest of the night. Sue is in her ? stage when she comes home from work.
micro-macro continuum? (4)
individual, their mind/self, interactions,societies
idea that we as humans develop a self-image that reflects how others respond to us. (cooley. i am who i think you think i am)
(mead) the movements of one individual that elicit an automatic response from another person.
a gesture that can only be made by humans (mead). Only through significant symbols can we have real communication
interaction on the basis of significant symbols allows for much more complex interaction patterns (than that which would occur where interaction based only on gestures.)
ability that develops over time to take oneself as an object
children taking on attitudes of those around them (such as playing house, the child will act like a mom when playing with a baby doll)
child beings to take on the role of a group of people at once. (like in a baseball game where you need to know what everyones jobs are to be successful and know your job)
attitude of the entire group or community. (happens during game stage)
What are the two aspects of the self according to Mead?
I and Me
immediate response of an individual to others. (unconscious. Ex. wanting to go and introduce yourself to a hot guy. You don't know what people are going to ask you at the dinner table/how youll react)
organized set of others' attitudes assumed by the individual. (ex. your I wants to introduce yourself to a hot guy but your Me will counter that impulse because of what people will think about that)
a persons life as a series of dramatic performances akin to those that take place on a stage in a theatre. (goffman)
the efforts to maintain a certain image (show up to class hungover but don't want to appear like a bad student so you pretend to be writing notes/cullens try to pretend not to be vampires)
where the social performance tends to be idealized to those who are observing it (in class your in your front stage) (goffman)
people feel free to express themselves in ways that are suppressed in the front stage. (picking your nose or telling your friends you are hungover after class) (goffman)
when a person learns and generally accepts the ways of a group/society (take on role of generalized other to fit in)
(frued) like Meads Me. reflection of social expectations
(frued) like Meads I. unconscious/impulsive
(frued) mediates between the id and the superego. (allows people to function in the world)
agents of socialization
those who do the socializing (parents, teachers, media)
children acquire language,norms,values as they interact with parents and other family members (lays foundation for personality development)
teaching children what is to be expected in the future (ex. teaching a girl about her period before it starts)
where children end up socializing parents (teaching mom/dad about technology)
unlearn old behaviors and learn new behaviors (ex getting a new job requires resocialization)
a closed place of residence and work set off from the rest of society. (prison)
adult socialization example?
when pursing a job in medical field have to learn how to deliver bad results
social engagement involving two or more people. (face-to-face/over the phone)
those engaged in interaction expect to give and receive rewards from the relationship of equal value.
how people accomplish conversation (knowing when to talk/listen)
(goffman) a social domain that stands alone. have own norms and language (a clique or bureaucracy)
position within a social system that is occupied by people (example teacher/student)
what is expected of those who occupy a certain status (ex. a teacher is expected to be prepared for class)
one that an individual is placed into. not based on abilities (ex. gender/race)
one that an individual is placed into by their abilities. (ex. graduate, spouse, parent)
a status that is more important than all other status (ex. quarterback on football team)
conflicting expectations between different positions (ex. a working mother has to care to children but also do her job)
people are confronted with more expectations than they can possibly handle (ex. students during exam week are expected to do good on all exams)
enduring regular social interactions
two person groups (Simmel)
(simmel) three person groups
small number of people who over time develop a relationship based on interaction with one another. (doesn't include people waiting in line at airport)
those that are small, close-knit, intimate,personal (family)
large inpersonal ties, weak relationship (parent-teacher relationship)
group you take into consideration when evaluating yourself
(sumner) group to which people belong and with they identify
outsiders belong (from the perspective of an ingrouper) (sumner)