90 terms

Reading- NSCAS 3rd Grade

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Abbreviation
a shortened form of a word as in Mr. or Mrs.
Adjective
a part of speech that describes a noun or pronoun
Adverb
a part of speech that describes a verb (Usually answers a question such as "How?, Where?, When?, or to What Degree?")
Affix
an additional element placed at the beginning or end of a root or word to change its meaning
Alliteration
the occurrences of the same letter or sound at the beginning of closely connected words
Alphabetical Order
a system where words are placed in order based on the position of the letters in the alphabet
Antonym
words that mean the opposite of each other
Audience
persons reached by a writing, book, radio, or television broadcast
Author's Purpose
to explain, entertain, inform, persuade; why the author wrote something
Autobiography
an account that is written by the author about themselves that is true
Base Word
the simplest form of a word that can stand on its own and have a meaning
Biography
an account of someone's life written by someone else
Bold Text
darkened text to help emphasize a point or remark
Captions
a text feature printed below or around pictures describing the photo
Cause/Effect
an organizational pattern that describes how one or more things cause or are related to another
Character
a person or creature in a story
Common Noun
a part of speech indicating a person, place, or thing
Compare/Contrast
an organizational pattern that discuss similarities and differences among ideas, concepts, objects, or people
Compound Word
a combination of two or more words that function as a single meaning
Comprehension
the action or capability of understanding something
Connection
comparing text-to-self, text-to-text, and text-to-world.
Context Clues
hints that an author gives to help define a difficult or unusual word
Contraction
a word produced by combining two or more words together with an apostrophe where letters have been omitted
Description
an organizational pattern usually structured in a chronological (time order) or spatial (the way something is laid out) manner
Determine
to firmly decide after researching or calculating further
Digital Resources
electronic communication tools or networks to locate, create, or evaluate information
Events
things that happen, especially ones of importance
Fact
a thing that is indisputably the case. True information.
Figurative Language
language that contains and uses figures of speech or LITERARY DEVICES such as: alliteration, hyperbole, idioms, imagery, onomatopoeia, personification, rhythm, simile
Fiction
short stories, prose, and novels that describe imaginary events and people
Fluency
the ability to speak or write easily and accurately
Font
ways to change the size and organize typing (bold, italicized)
Glossary
an alphabetical listing of terms and definitions usually found in theh back of a textbook
Grammar
the system and structure of language ( syntax, sentence structure, rules of language)
Heading
a text feature used in non-fiction where tops/beginnings of sections are indicated
Homograph
(graph = to write)
words having the same spelling, but not necessarily pronounced the same and having different meanings
Homonym
(nym= meaning)
words that sound alike and have the same spelling, but different meanings
Homophone
(phono = sounds)
words that sound alike, but have different spellings and mean different things
Hyperbole
a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used; figurative language
Idiom
a word or phrase that means something different than its literal meaning
Illustration
a picture (real or drawn) in a book that represents the text
Imagery
words that help form a picture in your mind
Indent
start of a line of text that is further from the margin than the other text; beginning of a new paragraph
Index
alphabetical list of names, subjects etc. at the end of a book with page numbers where you can find them
Individual
a single human being, topic, or question
Inform
to give someone facts or information
Main Idea
the most important part of the text.
Map
a diagram or collection of data showing the arrangement of something
Non-fiction
text that is based on facts and real events; text that is true
Onomatopoeia
a word formed from a sound associated with what is named
Opinion
a person's beliefs or views on a topic
Organizational Patterns
a type of plan an author uses to organize his/her ideas (sequence, description, cause/effect, compare/contrast)
Paragraph
a section in a piece of writing with a topic sentence, usually dealing with a single theme or central idea
Parts of Speech
a category to which a word is assigned (noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection)
Patterns
repeated arrangements of corresponding parts
Personification
figurative language that gives human characteristics to nonhuman objects
Phrases
groups of words used to help with context clues
Plot
the events in the story that usually include a problem and solution
Plural
more than one object
Point of View
The narrator's position in relation to the story being told (1st person uses I or We/3rd person uses He, She, or It/2nd person uses You)
Possessive
a noun that shows possession using an apostrophe
Prediction
using the text to guess what will happen next
Prefix
a part added onto the beginning of a word to change its meaning or form a new word (in-not/ im-not/ dis-not/ pre-before/ tele-far or distant)
Prior Knowledge
what someone already knows about a topic based on experiences
Print Resources
sources such as textbooks, newspaper articles, or journals used to locate information
Proper Noun
the name of a specific person, place or thing
Pronoun
a part of speech that takes the place of a noun
Proofread
to read text to check for errors
Questioning
using knowledge of text to ask questions
Reference
1. a source of information

2. to provide a book or article with citations of authorities
Repetition
the recurrence of an action or event
Report
an account given of a particular matter
Revise
add details to a written piece to make it better
Rhyme
words that sound the same
Rhythm
a strong, regular, repeated pattern of sound
Root
the most basic part of a word when all affixes are removed and usually cannot stand alone
Semantic Language
understanding and appropriate use of multiple meaning words and figurative language
Setting
where and when a story takes place
Sequence
an organizational pattern where events are put in order (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or First, Next, Then, Later, Finally)
Simile
a literary device comparing things using the words like or as
Suffix
a part added onto the end of a word to form another word of different meaning or function
Summarize
a reading strategy where you tell about the important things you've read in your own words
Supporting Details
information in the text that supports the main idea
Syllable
parts of a word that has one vowel sound
Symbol
a mark or character used as representation of an object
Synonym
words that mean the same or almost the same thing
Table of Contents
a list of titles or chapters in a book; located in the beginning of the book
Text
a book or other written project or work
Topic
the subject of a text, writing sample, or conversation
Verb
a part of speech expressing action, being, or occurrence