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Theology Names

STUDY
PLAY
Primitive
original, ancestor or predecessor; uncultured or uncivilized
The Sacred
a frightening yet attractive mystery to the primitive peoples
Hierophany/Theophany
a manifestation of the Divine (for example, but the burning bush in Exodus)
Genesis 12 & onward
the recounting of God's interaction in history
Cyclical View of History
a Mythical/Primitive view of history that stated that no real progress occurs in history
Linear View of History
a Christian view of history that allows for real progress and fulfillment
Rite
a dramatic or recitative re-enactment of a mythical event/the recalling of the interventions of God in history
Veda
literally means knowledge; the first sacred texts of Hinduism that contain sacrificial formulas, mantras, and spells
Upanishad
a period of Hinduism; a philosophical and mythical addition to the earlier Vedas
Shruti
literally that which is heard; the general term for Hindu sacred writing
Varuna
an all-knowing and all-powerful sovereign ruler over the cosmic, moral, and liturgical orders
Indra
the god of storm, battle, and fertility; seen as a global conqueror; rides on a white horse; has 4 arms and heads
Purusha
the god who cosmically sacrifices himself at the beginning of time so that humans can be created
Varna
the caste system of Hinduism
Maya
illusion, appearance, falsity of sense perception
Atman
the essential core of the self, the first principle of the soul of an individual
Brahman
Infinite Being, Consciousness, or Unity of all things
Samsara
the continuous cycle of birth-death-rebirth
Karma
the principle that states that you will be reborn in a higher or lower class based on your deeds in the past life
Moksha
liberation from Samsara
Yoga
literally pathway, a combination of spiritual and physical exercises designed to eliminate sense perception
Om
a mystical mantra usually placed at the beginning and end of a reading from the Vedas or a prayer; used in yoga
Lila
a playful display of energy; Brahman creates maya through this
Deva
personal gods
Trimurti
triple-form of Hindu gods that personifies creation, destruction, and sustainment
Brahma
personal creator God who is seen as a "disengaged creator" by the Hindus
Shiva
the destroyer God who also is the Lord of Dance
Vishnu
the sustainer God who takes over creation from Brahma
Avatar
literally crossing over downward; various forms of a God
Krishna
the most famous avatar of Vishnu
Bhagavad Gita
the location of the story of Krishna and Arjuna
Mahabharata
The Bhagavad Gita is part of this larger poem
Dharma
duty to one's caste
Bhakti
loving devotion to Krishna as a personal god; Krishna consciousness
Dualism
a school of thought that said there was a distinction between God and the material world
Non-Dualism
a school of thought that said there was not a distinction between God and the material world
Syncretism
the belief that every religion is a different pathway to the same goal and therefore are all equally valid
Collective Unconscious
certain predispositions of the unconscious are common to all of us (see Gilgamesh)