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system where the national and state governments share power and derive all authority from the people
exclusive powers of national government; like: coin money, conduct foreign relations, provide for army, etc.
states that all powers not set up for the national government, or restricted by the state, are left as powers of the states
what the states' powers are called; include ability to legislate for public health, safety and morals of citizens
Full Faith and Credit Clause
ensures that judicial degrees and contracts made in one state will be binding and enforceable in another
Privileges and Immunities Clause
guaranteeing citizens of each state have same rights as citizens of all other states
city governments created in response to the emergence of a relatively dense populated area
local government restricted to a particular function; exists for services like libraries, sewage, water, and parks; ex: school districts
requires states to extradite, or return, criminals to states where they have been convicted or due to stand trial
all local government do not have any inherent sovereignty and instead must be authorized by state gov
basic administrative unit of local gov; used for welfare and environmental programs, courts, and registration of land, births, deaths
gave Congress power to levy and collect taxes on incomes without apportioning them among the states; income tax; greatly increased national power
terminated state legislatures' election of senators and placed election in hands of the people
collective innovative programs and brought new era of American politics; cooperative federalism
Grants where Congress gives funds for specific purposes; subject to detailed conditions by the national gov
Reagan term; federal - state relationship with return of power to states = DEVOLUTION
large amounts of money given to states with only general spending guidelines; mostly requests to revamp welfare system
A federal mandate given to the states that is not funded by the national government
federal funds designated for special projects within state or congressional district that direct specific exemptions from taxes or mandated fees
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