10 terms

History glossary

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Civil war
A war between organized groups within the same state or country.
Absolutism
A form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.
Law of Succession
The law regulating the appointment of a new monarch or head of state.
exile
to be forced out of the country
Queen regent
A person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated.
Parliamentary Monarchy
A form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercise authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
Republic
A form of government under which the head of state is not a monarch.
Political Party
A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.
Constitution
A set of fundamental principles according to which a state is governed.
Colony
A territory under the immediate political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.