Terms in this set (25)
Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries
Cosimo de Medici
in 1443 he took control of the city. the Medici family ran the government from behind the scenes. using their wealth and personal influence, cosimo and later his son
Machiavelli The Prince
This man wrote this work, which claimed that while it is best to be feared and loved, if you have to choose, it is better to be feared. "The ends justify the means"
Sack of Rome 1527
May 5, 1527 - A military event carried out by the mutinous troops of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in Rome, then part of the Papal States. It marked a crucial imperial victory in the conflict between Charles I of Spain Holy Roman Emperor, and the League of Cognac (1526-1529) — the alliance of France, Milan, Venice, Florence and the Papacy.
Holy Roman emperor (1519-1558) and king of Spain as Charles I (1516-1556). He summoned the Diet of Worms (1521) and the Council of Trent (1545-1563).
the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
the individual is responsible for applying his knowledge for public service
(1304-1374) Father of the Renaissance. He believed the first two centuries of the Roman Empire to represent the peak in the development of human civilization.
Bocaccio The Decameron
Bocaccio, his contemporary and also a Florentine, wrote this in Italian. A series of tales designed both to entertain and to impart a certain wisdom about human character and behavior. They were followed by the main group of humanists, far more numerous but less well remembered.
Baldasare Castiglione Book of the Cortier
This renaissance author who wrote a book about how to behave in society.
The striving for excellence and being a virtuous person. Humanistic aspect of Renaissance.
Invented the printing press and movable type which enabled humanist literature to spread rapidly throughout Europe.
The cultural and artistic events of 15th century Italy, encompasses the artistic styles of the late Middle Ages (most notably International Gothic) and the early Renaissance.
the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer
a monochrome picture made by using several different shades of the same color
Florentine architect who was the first great architect of the Italian Renaissance (1377-1446) Built a hospital.
period beginning in the late 15th century, it produced some of the most well-knownreligious and secular artwork of the period from such figures as leonardo, raphael, and michelangelo
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile genius of the Renaissance, Leonardo filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time. As a painter Leonardo is best known for The Last Supper (c. 1495) and Mona Lisa (c. 1503).
Raphael The School of Athens
This man created this painting which showed numerous people discussing many ideas and two central characters pointing up and forward respectively to indicat the ideas of focusing on God and focusing on moving forward in life
Michelangelo David, Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
A statue of David where David is portrayed as a man and looks contemplative. The Chapel was painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512, at the commission of Pope Julius II, is one of the most renowned artworks of the High Renaissance.
More concerned with theology and personal morality, Cultural and intellectual movement of northern Europe; began later than Italian Renaissance c. 1450; centered in France, Low Countries, England, and Germany; featured greater emphasis on religion than Italian Renaissance
a movement that developed in northern Europe during the renaissance combining classical learning with the goal of reforming the catholic church
Erasmus in Praise of Folly
This man was the most famous northern humanist who wrote this work criticizing the church
Thomas More Utopia
Civic humanist who rose to a high government position in England. His masterpeice is a description of a utopian society where there is a balance of humanism, religion and property, which he believes causes problems in society (some have it, most don't). He believed that for harmony in society, individuals must be willing to sacrifice rights for the common good.
First Lady. During Renaissance promoted the rights of women and for them to expand as well.