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10 terms

Chapter 16 Sec. 2

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Fifteenth Amendment
(AJohn) , Banned states from denying African Americans the right to vote
Black Codes
laws that restricted freedmen's rights
Carpetbagger
Northerner who traveled south to make money off of the Reconstruction
Sharecropper
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Ku Klux Klan
a secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep african americans from obtaining their civil rights
Poll tax
a tax put on African American voters
Literacy Tests
Method used to deny African-Americans the vote in the South that tested a person's ability to read and write - they were done very unfairly so even though most African-Americans could read and write by the 1950's they still failed.
Grandfather Clause
This exempted those whose ancestors had voted in 1860 from taking literacy test to vote
Plessey vs. Ferguson
Supreme Court case in which "separate but equal" was upheld.
Scalawag
a white Southerner who joined the Republican party during the Reconstruction period. they were also considered traitors to the Southern cause. Part of the radical government, they passed much needed reforms.