Terms in this set (67)
Wrote a treatise on sculptural proportion called the "canon"
monument entrance to the acropolis which housed one of the earliest museums
Greek myth of creation involved ...
a battle between the earth gods known as Titans and the Sky Gods. Gods and giants. Example of this is the frieze of Treasury of Siphnious from the Sanctuary of Apollo, Delphi
Named for influence of Egypt, Near East, and Asian Minor on Greek art
3 periods of Classical Greek Art
Early, high and late classical
The sculpture man and centaur
shows the small scale and style of geometric period, geometric shapes and in in negative space composed of solid forms.
stylized flowers on vases and Greek orders
Doric, Ionic, Corinthian
posed mast trouble to greek temple sculptors (west pediment of Aphaia, Aegma) hard to fit figures outside corners because scales could not change, only pose could
Female Archaic sculpture. Never nude
All purpose jug. Ex: Black figure on Dionysos with Maenads
Original bronze of spear bearer
perfect example of Polykleitos' canon
Body proportions perfect. Same ideal sought by Socrates and Plato. Canon is the Greek rule of measure. Basic unit = width of hand
Alternating tension and relaxation in a sculpture's pose
originally in bronze like any Greek sculpture, later melted down.
city on a hill (highest point)
humanlike with emotions and weaknesses
What were Greeks obsessed w?
Improving existing art trends and techniques
Geometric style. Not landscape but has lots of elements like triangles horizontals, etc.
What sped artistic development in Greece?
When they killed the Persians in 480 BCE
in ancient greece the sacred enclosure that contained an altar
Over time, Great Kings hoarded lotsa gold and silver in various _______ in capital cities; overtaxed subjects; weakened Persian empire. Where
Treasury of Siphnians in Delphi
continuous frieze. Ionic order (includes the battle between Gods and Titans).
pigment + wax used to paint sculptures
Similar to Egyptians in stiff posture, clenched fists. found at front of other, humans were never naked.
red figures against black background made flexibility and freedom and fluidity. Greeks wanted more than mused figures
Greeks used bronze b/c easier to balance, complained poses possible due to strength of the metal. More contrapposto possible
shaft goes right into stylobate - no bae
Tomb of the diver
Buon fresco. , Banquet scene showing a Greek influence: the symposium- Playing drinking game- Popular theme
mixture of clay and water applied to a ceramic object as a final decorative coat. comes out block after fire.
An ancient Greek shallow drinking cup with two handles and a stem. Tondo at bottom of Kylix to some
not completely regular bc Greeks wanted an effect
the carved or painted rectangular panel between the triglyphs of a doric frieze. Greeks put their reason in these and how they are not barbarians
Main room in temple surrounded by rows of columns (peristyle). Only gold and ivory and cult statues were housed (Athena, etc.)
Columns that surround the temple
Archaic pottery production
led by athens
used to decorate room at knossos (minoan).
fresco of women picking crocuss flower (minoan)
Minoan Harvester Vase
Drinking, prayer, partying, NOT SPORTING
elite men drank and mixing ideas
Woman of Snakes
Water regeneration, protection, fertility
Differentiation of gender in aegean art
dark = men light = women
first landscaping paintang n art, no humans all rocks and nature. buno (true) fresco. represents concept of aegean nature, land and its essence
Meaning of Labyrinth
House of Double axes
Formed by 2 huge monoliths. Corbeled arch that holds teh relieving triangle slab w 2 lions. Minoan type column
excavated the royal shaft graves (1876), just inside the Lion's Gate, he believed he had discovered the bodies of the legendary family of Atreus including his son, Agamemnon.
Minoan metalsmith used to add relief designs to gold cups and burial masks
1500 BCE minoan kamares jug
New Palace Period, Crete. Spring planting or fall harvest. religious procession. gang of forced laborers
Ajax and Achilles playing a game
Amphora, black figure. Exekas created it and signed it
Where oriental period started
Corinth (port city)
Medium used to paint greek sculptures
Stone of choice for greek sculptures
used as grave markers. sculpture that replaced the huge vases of the geometric period.
Temple of Hera I
550 BCE. before the Temple of Aphaia
shafts rise and swell in the middle and contract at top - entasis
Theater at Epidauros
4th century bce and later polykleitos the younger, late classical, harmony, perfect circle, functional, good acoustics, , prosperous theater town in the mountains used to entertain 12k spectators.
Erechtheion temple at Acropolis
421 BCE cyclades
West front altar of pergamon
What greek period was 700-600 BCE?
nike of samothrace
323-330BCE Ancient Greece Hellenistic (spread of greek culture) statue
nike adjusting her sandle
Classical Sculpture, 410 B.C., originally located in the Temple of Athena Nike, high-relief, graceful pose, deeply incised drapery lines reveal body
Greek, from Acropolis. Contrapposto. more weight on left leg
Hellenistic sculpture, dying barbarian, no emotion, ancient Roman marble copy of lost Hellenistic sculpture
Sculptor famous for athletes and portrayals of great men. Alexander the Great's court Sculptor. Created the Apoxymones (scraper) canon proportion of 1:8
active in athens, works more sensuous beautiful and dreamy. created aphrodite of knidos. female nude enters canon of beauty in greek art. new standard: thick waist slim hips
Temple of Hera I
archaic. 500 bce. monument to gods and goddesses. not places people came to worship, altar was outside temple.