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International Relations Vocab

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alliance system
political economic or military alignment of nations; promotes the common interests of members
balance of power
nations aligning themselves to maintain peace and security; no one nation able to impose a major threat on others
bipolar world
world co-domination of 2 superpowers with opposing ideologies
cooperation
supportive action or joining together for common interests
cultural imperialism
the spread and domination of a particular nation's culture, values and beliefs throughout the world by way of trade, electronic communication, businesses and the media
domestic policy
a government's plan to deal with internal issues of the country
foreign policy
a government's plan to deal with international issues that impact it
globalization
the growing economic and cultural interdependence of nations
hegemon
the most powerful political, economic and military nation-state in the world (ex: USA)
international relations
multilateral interaction between nation-states
international system
maintaining a beneficial and peaceful pattern of interaction among major global players
major players/actors
countries, organizations and institutions that have a great influence on world affairs (ex: France, Red Cross, Sony)
multinational corporations
private companies that have operations and or divisions in many countries
multipopular world
when several major nations compete for power and influence
national interest
a country determining its involvement in world affairs based on the outcome or benefits it receives
national sovereignty
a nation's right to establish its own form of government and laws without external influence
nation
a group of people who share a common identity; language, history, culture, etc..but lack a defined country (ex: Palestinians, Kurds, Kashmiris)
nation-state
most powerful political unit in the world; having definite boundaries and organized institutions
nongovernmental organizations
nonprofit international agencies having a particular common cause (ex: Greenpeace; Doctors Without Borders, etc..)
regional blocs
specific areas of the world cooperating together for political, economic and social reasons (ex: European Union; NAFTA, ASEAN)
transnational agencies
organizations trying to promote global unity for peace and security (ex: United Nations)
transnational pressures
global problems that undermine the power and status of many nation-states (ex: pollution, terrorism, AIDS, natural disasters, etc...)
unipolarity
the existence of a particularly powerful state that is both able and willing to manage the international system (ex: USA, 19th Century Great Britain)