AP Gov. Unit 6 Vocab.
Terms in this set (22)
Amount by which government spending exceeds government revenue in a fiscal year
Congressional grants given to states and localities on the condition that expenditures be limited to a problem or group specified by law
Federal spending on programs that are controlled through the regular budget process
The government's use of taxing, monetary, and spending powers to manipulate the economy
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The total value of goods and services produced within a country
An effort to regulate the economy through the manipulation of the supply of money and credit. America's most powerful institution in this area of monetary policy is the Federal Reserve Board
Taxation that hits upper income brackets more heavily
Federal spending that is made up of "uncontrollables," budget items that cannot be controlled through the regular budget process
A law, rule, statute, or edict that expresses the government's goals and provides for rewards and punishments to promote their attainment
Taxation that hits lower income brackets more heavily
A tax on imported goods
Social programs financed in whole or in part by taxation or other mandatory contributions by their present or future recipients
Equality of Opportunity
A widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential
Social programs that provide assistance to people on the basis of demonstrated need rather than any contribution they have made
A federally and state-financed, state-operated program providing medical services to low-income people
A form of national health insurance for the elderly and the disabled
The development and maintenance of military strength as a means of discouraging attack
The representation of a government to other foreign governments
Desire to avoid involvement in the affairs of other nations
The principle that allows the national government to override state or local actions in certain policy areas. In foreign policy, the willingness to strike first in order to prevent an enemy attack.
Policy of striking first when a nation fears that a foreign foe is contemplating hostile action
An agreement, made between the president and another country, that has the force of a treaty but does not require the Senate's "advice and consent"
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