43 terms

Constitutional Rights

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

27
How many amendments (changes or additions) have been added to the US Constitution?
10
The Bill of Rights is the first __________ amendments to the US Constitution.
amendment
What term is used for any change or addition to the US Constitution?
ratification
The procedure used by states to approve (or not) proposed amendments is called __________.
1st
Name that Amendment! Freedom of speech...
1st
Name that Amendment! Freedom of the press...
1st
Name that Amendment! Freedom of religion...
1st
Name that Amendment! Freedom to peaceably assemble...
1st
Name that Amendment! Freedom to petition the Government for a redress of grievances...
Cruel & unusual punishment
__________ - prohibited by the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution; includes torture or other forms of punishment too severe for the crime committed.
Double jeopardy
__________ - the prosecution of a defendant for a criminal offense for which he has already been tried; prohibited in the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Due process
__________ - the right of people accused of crimes to have laws that treat them fairly, so that they cannot lose their life or freedom without having their legal rights protected.
Eminent domain
__________ - the right of the government to take private property for public use; the Fifth Amendment requires that people be paid fairly (compensated) for their property if it is taken by the government.
peaceably to assemble
The right of the people __________ - the right to hold meetings and form groups without interference by the government; guaranteed in the First Amendment.
Freedom of the press
__________ - the right to write and print news and information free from government interference; guaranteed in the First Amendment
Freedom of religion
__________ - the right for citizens to practice the religion of their choice without government interference; guaranteed in the First Amendment
Freedom of speech
__________ - the right for citizens to speak freely without government interference; guaranteed in the First Amendment
Freedom to petition the government
__________ - the freedom for citizens to engage in any nonviolent, legal means of encouraging or criticizing government action; guaranteed in the First Amendment
Jury
__________ - a group of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
Pleading the fifth
__________ - the right of a person to refuse to testify under oath in a court of law on the grounds that the answers could be used as evidence against him to convict him of a criminal offense
Property rights
__________ - the right to own property; mentioned in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments
right to bear arms
the idea in the Second Amendment that people have an individual right to own and carry weapons
4th
Name that Amendment! Protection from unreasonable search and seizure...
5th
Name that Amendment! Protection from double jeopardy...
5th
Name that Amendment! Protection from self-incrimination...
5th and 14th
Name that Amendment! The right to due process...
6th
Name that Amendment! The right to a speedy and public trial...
6th and 7th
Name that Amendment! The right to trial by jury...
6th
Name that Amendment! The right to be informed of criminal charges against you...
6th
Name that Amendment! The right to confront witnesses in court...
6th
Name that Amendment! The right to an attorney...
self-incrimination
__________ being forced to tell the police, prosecutor,
judge, or jury any information that might subject you to criminal prosecution
search and seizure
__________ - the process by which police or other authorities who suspect that a crime has been committed do a search of a person's property and collect evidence related to the crime
suffrage
the right to vote
trial by jury
__________ - a trial in which the issue is determined by a judge and a jury, usually with 12 members, whose job is to determine facts and make a judgment of guilty or not guilty; protected in the Sixth and Seventh Amendments
ex post facto law
a law that makes an act a crime after the crime has been committed
Federal
__________ system - a system of government where power is shared between a central government and states
habeas corpus
the principle that the government has to provide a cause or reason for holding a person in jail
precedent
a court decision in an earlier case with facts and legal issues similar to those in a case currently before a court
selective service
a system by which men ages 18 through 25 register with the U.S. government for possible military service
independent judiciary
the principle that decisions from the courts are fair and impartial and are not influenced by the other branches of government
appellate process
the process of asking a higher court to decide whether a trial was conducted properly
judicial branch
the branch of government that interprets the laws made by the legislative branch