American History Test
Terms in this set (45)
How did the first humans get to North America? (2)
Humans may have crossed a land bridge from Asia.
What are the Native American tribes that lived around Fort Wayne? (4)
Miami, Shawnee and Potawatomi occupied this same area.
What things did Europeans bring to the Native
Guns, sugarcane, horses, the common cold, smallpox and measles
Who was Hernandez Cortes? (7)
A Spanish explorer who found the Aztec practice of human sacrifice was abhorrent.
Who is Amerigo Vespucci? (7)
A merchant in Italy who sold supplies to Christopher Columbus and made maps of the voyages of Columbus and others. He realized that America was a separate continent and not part of Asia. America was named for
What nations sent explorers to North America between
1492 and 1610? (7)
France, Netherlands, England and Spain
What are the names of the ships Christopher Columbus sailed during the his first expedition to the New World? (6)
The Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria
Where / When did Spain explore in the New World? (9)
California, Louisiana, Florida, Mexico and the Caribbean Islands in the early to mid 1500's.
What are the 5 reasons Europeans explored North America? (6)
1. To find a new passage to the
Far East for trade
2. To find gold, silver, precious gems, and other valuables
3. To claim new lands for their countries
4. To convert people to Chris- tianity
5. For adventure
What is a colony? (9)
A settlement in a new land, often far away from the home country.
What is St. Augustine, Florida? (9)
Spain established a fort in Florida in
1565 and it is the oldest continuous settlement in North America.
What is New France? (9)
French territory from Canada through the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico where they sent fur traders and missionaries.
Which European country claimed most of what is today Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, and in Mexico conquered the Aztec empire? It also had colonies in Central and South America. (9)
Names of the 13 original British colonies (9)
Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia,Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Massachusetts
Who is Governor William Bradford? (13)
The second governor of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts and in 1621 I called for the first Thanksgiving with Pilgrims and Wampanoag warriors.
Who is Queen Isabella of Spain? (13)
The devout Catholic Queen of Spain who provided Christopher Columbus with ships to make his journey of exploration.
Who is Montezuma? (13)
The last leader of the Aztec empire in the present day Mexico.
Who is Hernan Cortes? (13)
The Spanish explorer who captured the Aztec city of Tenochititlan and placed an image of Mary, the Mother of God on their altar of human sacrifice.
Who is Squanto? (13)
A member of the Pawtuxet tribe who taught the Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts how to grow corn, hunt and fish.
What years did the French and Indian War happen? (18)
The French and Indian War was fought by French soldiers
and Native American warriors against what country? (18)
Name 2 causes of the French and Indian War. (18)
1. In the 1750's, France and Britain were fighting in Europe and tension between their colonies in the New World began to increase.
2. The British colonists wanted to take over French lands to make money in the fur trade.
Name 4 results of the French and Indian War. (HS)
1. France lost most of its power in
2. Spain got New Orleans and all French territory west of the Mississippi River.
3. Britain got Canada and all French territory east of the Mississippi, except New Orleans.
4. Britain placed all its colonies under strict control and began taxing them to help pay for the cost of the war.
Under the Articles of Confederation, list the 4 Powers of the
national government. (HS)
1. To declare war and make peace
2. To coin and borrow money
3. To deal with foreign
countries and sign treaties
4. To operate post offices
List the 8 weaknesses of the Articles of
Confederation: List the 8 weaknesses of the
Articles of Confederation: (HS)
1. The National government
could not force the states to obey its laws.
2. It did not have the power to tax.
3. It did not have the power to enforce the laws.
4. Congress lacked strong and steady leadership.
5. There was no national ar- my or navy.
6. There was no national sys- tem of courts
7. Each state could issue its own paper money.
8. Each state could put tariffs on trade between state.
How long did the Articles of Confederation last? (28)
The Articles of Confederation lasted 8 years
What did the War of 1812 accomplish?
Many historians believe this event was a useless violent event that accomplished nothing. (34)
What were the 4 results of the War of 1812? (HS)
1. The British recog- nized U.S. boundaries and stayed out fo the northwest Territory.
2. The United States gained national pride
from its victories at sea and at New Orleans
3. American industry prospered because it
made more goods at home when trade stopped with Britain.
4. The Federalist Party, which had been the party of John Adams and Alexander Hamilton, disappeared. Federalists had opposed the war.
What are the 5 causes of 1812? (HS)
1. Great Britain and France were taking US ships. This interfered with American trade.
2. The United States made a deal with France: The United States would stop trading with Britain if the French would stop taking US ships.
3. The United States thought the British were arming Native Americans to attack settlers in the Northwest Territory, the land north of the Ohio River between the organized states and the Mississippi River.
4. The United States thought that Britain was still interfering with its former colonies.
5. The United States wanted to take Canada from Britain and Florida from Spain.
Name one famous quote from the War of 1812. (35)
British plans to invade the United States from Canada were stopped by Commodore Oliver Perry on Lake Erie and Captain Thomas Macdonough on Lake Champlain. Perry reported his victory with his famous line, "We have met the enemy and they are ours."
——- Captain James Lawrence said, "Don't give up the ship." on June 1, 1813
Who served as president of the Constitutional Convention? (30)
What are the 3 branches of the US federal government? (30)
Legislative, executive & judicial branches
When was the Constitution signed? (30)
September 17, 1787
What court case in 1803 proved that the system of checks and balances really worked? (30)
Marbury vs. Madison proved that the judicial branch had the power to check laws passed by the executive branch.
What did the 55 delegates accomplish at the Constitutional Convention? (30)
They wrote the Constitution of the United States of America
What is Eli Whitney famous for? (33)
He invented the cotton gin.
Who was Francis Scott Key? (33)
A young lawyer who wrote the poem, "The Star-Spangled Banner," after being inspired by watching the Americans fight off the British during the War of 1812
The Monroe Doctrine was issued by President James Monroe in 18232. Who wrote it? (33)
Secretary of State, John Quincy Adams
How was the liberty bell cracked? (29)
The liberty bell cracked while being tested.
What is the Monroe-Doctrine? (36)
One of the US' first foreign policy statement warning European nations not to try to establish new colonies in the Americas.
What is the significance of Daniel Shay in history who led Shay's Rebellion? (29)
Daniel Shay was a Revolutionary War captain who wanted the Massachusetts government to ease up on debtors and he conducted raids all over the state. Shay's Rebellion helped the new states know they needed a stronger central government.
While the British burned Washington D.C., this first lady stayed behind to save papers and a famous painting of George Washington. (33)
What was the political party that opposed the Democrats after the War of 1812 when the Federalist party was in disarray? (32)
What were the first 2 political parties? (32)
Federalist party and Democratic-Republican Party
What was one of the first act of the new US government?
1. Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1789 giving the Supreme Court six judges.
2. Congress approved the Bill of Rights
3. President Washington formed the first cabinet, the group of leaders appointed to help him run the government.