18 terms

History 3.3 Vocabulary

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Olive Branch Petition
peace petition sent to King George by colonial delegates after the battles of Lexington and concord
Green Mountain Boys
Vermont colonial militia led by Ethan Allen that made a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga
Continental Army
army established by the Second Continental congress to fight the British
Patriot
colonist who favored war against Britain
Loyalist
colonist who remained loyal to Britain
Battle of Bunker Hill
in 1775, first major battle of the Revolution
blockade
the shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
mercenary
soldier who fights merely for pay, often for a foreign contry
Tea Act
a 1773 law that let the British East India Company bypass tea merchants and sell directly to colonists
Thomas Jefferson
suggested that a day be set aside to mark the shame of the Intolerable Acts.
Boston Tea Party
a 1773 protest in which colonist dressed as Indians dumped British tea into Boston harbor
civil disobedience
idea that people have a right to disobey laws they consider to be unjust, if their consciences demand it
Intolerable Acts
series of laws passed in 1774 to punish Boston for the Tea Party
Quebec Act
law that set up a government for Canada and protected the rights of French Catholics
First Continental Congress
in 177, meeting of delegates from 12 colonies in Philadelphia
militia
army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency
minutemen
colonial militia volunteer who was prepared to fight at a minute's notice
Battles of Lexington and Concord
in 1775, conflicts between Massachusetts colonists and British soldiers that started the Revolutionary War