Cognitive psychologists define learning as a ______ change that may or may not be associated with a ______ change.
The assistant had previously brought food to the animal.
What was the reason that Ivan Pavlov's dogs began salivating in response to an assistant entering the laboratory?
In Pavlov's original experiments, the bell was first a(n) _______ stimulus.
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
You dog starts to salivate when you use the electric can opener to open his can of dog food. After learning the principles of classical conditioning, it becomes obvious to you that the can opener has become an effective _____.
What usually takes only one trial to condition successfully?
After being conditioned to fear a white rat, Little Albert cried in the presence of other furry objects such as a rabbit and fur coat. This is to due to
of the consequences of the behavior
In operant conditioning an organism learns to respond because
When a behavior is followed by negative reinforcement, the behavior is likely to
Punishment is an aversive event that ________ the frequency of the behavior it follows.
Dana liked to watch her mom prepare dinner when she was a little girl. As a grown-up, Dana now enjoys preparing gourmet meals for her family. It can be said that her mother was a _______ for learning to cook.
Learning through association enables organisms to anticipate events.
Something in the environment that triggers an automatic response before conditioning