19 terms

Chapter 2 Cell Processes

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photosynthesis
the process by which cells use the sun's energy to make food (glucose)
heterotroph
an organism that obtains food from other organisms
autotroph
an organism that makes its own food
chlorophyll
the green pigment in chloroplasts that captures energy
chloroplast
the organelle where photosynthesis takes place
cellular respiration
the process by which cells turn food into energy the cell can use
fermentation
the process by which cells turn food into energy WITHOUT the use of oxygen
mitochondria
the organelle where cellular respiration occurs
glucose
sugar (sometimes called "food" in science)
lactic acid
a product of fermentation
product
something that is made
reactant
something that is needed; a raw material
raw material
a reactant; something that is needed
cell cycle
the process of growth and division for a cell
replication
copying of DNA
mitosis
the splitting of the nucleus & chromosomes
interphase
the stage of the cell cycle where DNA is replicated
chromosome
holds DNA; in the nucleus
cytokinesis
the splitting of the cytoplasm