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28 terms

body planes direction and cavities

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abdominal cavity
divided into and upper an a lower part. stomach, small intestine, most of large intestine, appendix, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen.
abdominal regions
the center regions are epigastric, umbilical, and hypochondria or pelvic. on either side of the center is hypochondrai lumbar and iliac
anterior
in front
body cavities
are spaces within the body that contain vital organs
body planes
are imaginary lines drawn through the body at various parts to separate the body into section
buccal cavity
mouth teeth and tongue.
caudal
pertaining to any tail or tail ike structure
cranial
pertaining to the skull
cranial cavity
houses the brain
distal
farthest from the point of attachment
dorsal
pertaining to the back
dorsal cavity
is one long continous cavity located on the back of the body.
frontal plane
imaginary line that separates the body into a front section and a back section
inferior
below
lateral
pertaining to the side
medial
pertaining to the midline or middle
midsagittal plane
an imaginary line drawn down the midline of the body to divide the body into a right side and a left side
nasal cavity
the nose
orbital cavity
the eyes
pelvic cavity
contains the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, an the last part of the large intestine
posterior
the back
proximal
closest to the point of attachment or area of reference
spinal cavity
the spinal cord
superior
above or top
throacic cavity
contians the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, lungs heart, and large blood vessels
transverse plane
...imaginary line drawn through the body to separate the body into a top half and a bottom half
ventral
pertaining to the front or anterior...
ventral cavity
...larger than the dorsal cavitites. the ventral cavity is separated into two distinct cavities by the dome-shaped muscle called the diaphragm which is important for breathing