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112 terms

med term 5

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cocci
spherically shaped family of bacteria
streptococci
cocci growing in twisted chains
staphylococci
cocci growing in clusters
strepto
combining form for twisted chains or strips
staphylo
combining form for growing in bunches, like grapes
staphylococci
cluster of cocci
baculus
means staff or rod
bacillus
rod shaped bacterium
streptobacillus
rod shaped bacillus growing in twisted chains
staphylococci
bacteria that form pus that grow in a cluster
staphylococcus
a common skin bacterium responsible for acne infections
staphyloplasty
surgical repair of the uvula
staphylo
used to represent the uvula
staphylitis
inflammation of the uvula
pyo
combining form for pus
pyocele
hernia containing pus
genesis
suffix meaning producing or forming
pyogenic
bacteria that produce pus
rrhea
suffix meaning flow or discharge
diarrhea
to flow through
pyorrhea
flow of pus
rrhagia
suffix meaning hemorrhage
rrhaphy
suffix meaning suturing
rrhexia
suffix meaning rupture
pyorrhea
disease of a salivary gland for which there is a flow of pus
oto
combining form for ear
otoscope
used to examine the ear
otorrhea
discharge of the ears
auris sinistra
refers to the left ear
auris dextra
refers to the right ear
membrana tympani dextra
refers to the right eardrum
membrana tympani sinistra
refers to the left eardrum
tympano
combining form for eardrum
tympanometry
the process of measuring the function of the eardrum.
tympanites
distended with gas- tight as a drum.
audio
combining form for hearing
audiometer
instrument used to measure hearing
audiogram
record made by the instrument used to test hearing
phono
combining form for voice or vocal sounds
aphonia
no voice
dysphonia
difficult voice, weak
bradyphasia
slow speech
phonometer
instrument used to measure intensity of vocal sounds
phaso
combining form for speech
phasology
the study of speech
rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose
rhino
combining form for nose
rhinolith
calculus or stone in the nose
litho
combining form for calculus or stone
cholelith
gallstone
chole
combining form for gall or bile
iasis
suffix indicating a pathological condition. also used when an infestation has occurred.
cholelithiasis
the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder.
trichomonas
causes trichomoniasis infections
yeast
causes moniliasis infections
filarial worm
causes elephantiasis infection
giardia lamblie
causes gardiasis infection
cholecyst
medical name for gallbladder
cholecystogram
an xray of the gallbladder
brady
used in words to mean slow
bradycardia
slow heart action
bradyphagia
abnormally slow swallowing.
phago
combining form for eat/swallowing
tachy
fast
tachycardia
fast heart beat
tacho
combining form for swiftness
tachogram
record of the velocity of blood flow
pnea
suffix meanining breathing
agenesis
no generation
carcinogenesis
development of cancer
dys
prefix for painful, faulty, diseased, bad, or difficult.
meno
combining form for menstruation.
dysmenorrhea
painful or difficult menstruation.
dystrophy
poor development
pepso
combining form for digestion
dyspepsia
poor disgestion
arrhythemia
condition in which there is loss of correct rhythm. heart beat is too slow or too fast.
lexis
greek for word or phrase
dyslexia
normal intelligence with difficulty recognizing words and may transpose letters or numbers.
thermoesthesia
oversensitivity to heat
thermoalgesia
oversensitivity to heat 2
thermoplegia
heatstroke
diathermy
heating through tissue (treatment)
dia
through
micro
small
hydrocephalus
condition involving fluid in the head.
microcephalus
a condition of an abnormally small head
macro
large
macrocytes
very large cells
macroglossia
large tongue
macrotia
large ears
macrorhinia
large nose
macrocheilia
large lips
dactyl
word roots for finger or toes
macrodactylia
condition of abnormally large fingers or toes
dactylospasm
cramp or spasm of a digit
dactylogram
fingerprint
polydactylism
too many fingers or toes
syn
prefix meaning together or with
syndactylism
two or more fingers joined together
synergistic
drugs that work together to increase each other's effects.
synergetic
three muscles in the forearm that work together
synarthrosis
indicates an immovable joint.
dromo
greek word for run
dromomania
insane impulse to wander or roam
syndrome
a variety of symptoms occurring together
korsakoff's syndrome
a syndrome due to alcoholism.
prodrome
a symptom indicating an approaching disease
dipsia
greek for thirst
polydipsia
excessive thirst
dipsomania
old term for alcoholism
polydipsia
high blood sugar levels and lack of insulin in patients with diabetes