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Health Chapter 3
Terms in this set (66)
what is BAC and what is it used for?
it is the direct measurement of alcohol in your body. it is the standard tool for setting a legal limit for intoxination while driving.
in all 50 states of america, what is the "magic number" that identifies one as too intoxicated to drive safely?
what does B.A.C stand for?
Blood Alcohol Content
describe the concept of alcohol tolerance and whether it affects BAC.
It is bassed on shap & size and if you have a high or low tolerance. Some people need more than others. But tolerance DOES NOT affect BAC
explain the NATION WIDE concept of zero tolerance.
if you are under the age of 21 and are caught drinking and driving you will be arrested and charged because if you have ANY alcohol in your system it is illegal.
explain why BAC charts come in two flavors (make and female)
because the amount of body fat an individual has for a given weight affects how much alcohol makes it into the bloodstream. Woman have more body fat than men.
what is the ONLY way to reduce BAC?
what is an almost definite consequence of a .50 BAC?
results in death.
what are effects of consuming alcohol when a person is tired,fatigued or ill?
you will have a higher BAC than if you were well rested. (slower working liver)
describe the livers role in eliminating alcohol from the body.
it produces a enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase which metabolizes the alcohol.
explain the effects of taking other medications when consuming alcohol.
alcohol is a depressent so if you take any other depresent drug, the effects can be multiplied 10.
what are the difference in the process of how alcohol is diffused by the stomach and intestines?
the stomach absorbs alcohol into the blood through diffusion. It does this slower that the intestines. eating food can slow the rise of your BAC level. BUT your intestines are more efficent for diffusing alcohol into your blood than stomach.
What are three ways in which alcohol can negatively affect it even destroy a trend future
•create an addiction and run a persons health
•affect performances in school or on the job
What are some of the dangers of being intoxicated
Impaired judgement which means driving a car or using heavy machinery when under its influence can have deadly consequences such as car accidents
What are some of the techniques that advertises use to get young adults to buy and use alcohol products
They use young people who are attractive, fit looking, party like atmosphere with an upbeat music,healthful environment (often outside), problem free drinking, doesn't say anything about the risks
What is the legal definition of driving while intoxicated (DWI)
When his or her blood alcohol concentration exceeds the limit allowed by the law in that date
List 5 problems that someone stopped for driving while intoxicated may face
• immediate confiscation of drivers license
• arrest, a trip to jail, court appearance and fine
•cost of bail to get out of jail
•higher insurance rate
•possible law suits
What happens when a person has cirrhosis of the liver, what is the primary cause
A condition in which the liver tissue is destroyed and replaced with useless scar tissue. There is no blood flow in the scarred tissue because there is no blood vessels. The work of the liver is reduced. The cause is heavy drinking
Explain the multiplier effect (aka synergistic effect)
When two or more medicines are taken simultaneously and alcohol is combined with other drugs/ medicines which produce an interaction
describe three defects or problems with fetal alcohol syndrome
•low birth weight
•slow body growth
What are some of the dangers of binge drinking
Alcohol poisoning, masks the reality that they have a problem with alcohol, death
What is binge drinking
When a person drinks a large amount of alcohol is a short period of time
What Aretha three stages of alcoholism
• they need to drink to feel comfortable in social situations
What are some of the symptoms of withdrawal from alcohol
Hot and cold flashes, severe tremors, nightmares, hallucinations and having fear of people and animals
Where can an alcoholic and teen child of an alcoholic get help?
In support groups and treatment centers. Programs at school, school counselor, trusted adult (AA alcoholics anonymous, AL anon alateen, and NCADD)
The state that occurs when someone drinks enough alcohol to affect his or her brain
The state of someone who is not under the influence of alcohol or other drugs
The felony crime of ending a life by driving recklessly or while under the influence alcohol or other drugs
A potential he deadly disease that affects the liver, often caused by alcohol abuse
The kind of reckless, that was behavior often displayed by someone who has been drinking alcohol
To slow or stop a bodily function, such as brain activity
Thick liquid that is swallowed to absorb large amounts of alcohol in the stomach
A view of people in a certain group from a narrow minded perspective, for example, "most alcoholics are winos for drinks with a brown paper bag"
Unit used to measure them up alcohol in a persons body
BAC (blood alcohol level)
In recovery, to move backward or begin drinking again after period of being sober
An inflammation or infection of the liver, sometimes caused by the toxic effects of alcohol is called
______ is an enzyme produced by the liver that metabolizes alcohol
Because alcohol dilated blood vessels, a person who goes outside in cold weather after drinking risks
blood alcohol concentration is measured to determines where someone is
Driving while intoxicated
Periodic excessive drinking is known as
A major factor in traffic accidents, homicide, and suicides for 16 to 24 year olds is
When alcohol is consumed along with other depressants drugs or medicines, it can result in a
Teens often choose to drink because they think it
Increases their self confidence
The second stage of alcoholism is characterized by
Physical and psychological dependence
In the United States, fetal alcohol syndrome is the leading cause of
Alcohol is harder on ___ than adults because their bodies are still ____
A physical and psychological dependence on the drug ethanol is called
A condition in which days build up in the liver and cannot be broken down
The dramatic physical and psychological effects of alcohol withdrawal can result in
People in social settings who choose not to drink so that they can safely drive themselves and others are known as
"Binge drinking" means drinking ____ alcoholic drinks in a row
The amount of alcohol in a persons blood expressed as a percentage
Blood alcohol content
A dangerous toxic condition that occurs when a person drinks a large amount of alcohol in a short period of time
A person over the age of ___ can legally purchase and possess ____
A condition in which liver tissue is destroyed and replaced with useless scar tissue
____ does not allow a person to drink heavily without becoming intoxicated
Food in the stomach
Even though alcohol sometimes gives the drinker energy, it is still considered a
The __ is responsible for breaking down __\
A serving of been or wine contains _____ alcohol as a serving of whiskey
The same amount of
A person becomes ____ if he or she consumes alcohol faster than it is oxidized
Alcohol plays a major part in
____ generally do not portray the risks of alcohol use
______ of alcoholics often learn to ignore their own needs and may damage their own health
Alcohol increases the released of ____. A brain chemical that is associated with feelings of ____
_____ is a support group that can help family members of alcoholics
Law stating anyone under 21 with any alcohol above .00 while driving will result in arrest it
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