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14 terms

Chemistry of Life Quiz

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biochemistry
study of the chemical aspects of life
atoms
protons, neutrons, and electrons
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen
96% of the human body is made up of these 4 elements
water
one of the compounds that is most essential to life
acid
proton donor
bases
proton acceptor
carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
organic chemistry
carbohydrates
carbon and water
lipids
fats, oils, waxes
phospholipids
similar to triglycerides, but contain phosphorus units
cholesterol
a type of steroid lipid
proteins
most abundant organic components of human body
dehydration synthesis
creates covalent bod between carboxylic (COOH) group of one and NH2 (amino) group of another (peptide bond)
nucleic acids
large organic molecules made of C, H, O, N, P