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40 terms

APUSH Unit 1 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
First Thanksgiving
-1621 symbol of peace between Wampanoags and Plymouth Pilgrims
Acadia
-Renamed Nova Scotia
-Was granted to England off peace terms, along with Newfoundland and the Hudson Bay
African America
-A person born in America of African descent
Agriculture
-The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products
Anne Hutchinson
-Stated that a holy life didn't show a sure sign of salvation and the ones that were saved didn't need to obey laws of God or man
-Lost her trial in 1638
-Was banished before she polluted the Puritan experiment
Bacon's Rebellion
-Bacon led a rebellion against people with friendly Indian relation
-Took place in 1676 and resulted in the torching of Jamestown
-(See Moodle)
Barbados Slave Code
-Created to help control slaves
-Denied fundamental rights to slaves and gave punishments for the slightest of infractions
Battle of Lexington and Concord
-April 1775
-First battle of the American Revolution
-British were forced to retreat by colonial militiamen
Boston Massacre
-Altercation on March 5, 1770
-Boston townspeople mobbed ten British soldiers
-Troops opened fire, leading to 11 civilian casualties
Boston Port Act
-Act which closed Boston Harbor until damages from Tea Party were paid
Boston Tea Party
-Demonstration in Boston Harbor in 1773
-American colonists dumped British tea into the ocean to protest the imposition of a tea tax
British East Indian Company
-Tea company that was going bankrupt
-Was given a full tea monopoly on the American colonies
British occupy Boston
-Great Britain landed two regiments of troops in Boston to preserve law and order in 1768
Calvinism
-An elaborated form of Martin Luther's ideas created by John Calvin of Geneva
-Humans were weak and evil due to sin
-God elects certain souls for eternal bliss and others for eternal torment
Cambridge
-The intellectual center of England's Puritanism
-(Education)
Canadian Government
-Were in direct control of the king
-There were no elected representative assemblies
Carolina
-Created in 1670
-Named after King Charles II
Charles II
-Restores the English crown in 1660
-Church of England was full force again
-Gave and revoked charters from certain New England colonies
-Granted the area of New Netherland to the Duke of York in 1664 (New York
Charlestown
-City of Carolina that was culturally diverse
-Busiest seaport of the south
Church of England
-Official religion in England
Clergy
-Formal religious leadership with a given religion
Committees of Correspondence
-Used to spread propaganda in the colonies
Congregational Church
-Protestant Christian churches practicing Congregationalist church governance
-Each independent and autonomously runs its own affairs
Continental Congress of 1774
-Summoned as a response to the Intolerable Acts
-Drew up a Declaration of Rights and other appeals to the King/British people
Dead Dogs
-People who droned out tedious, over-erudite sermons from Puritan pulpits
Declaration of Rights
-Document drawn up by Continental Congress of 1774
-Enumerated colonists' rights
Declaratory Act
-Stated that Parliament had the right "to bind" the colonies "in all cases whatsoever"
Edict of the Nantes
-Helped settle religious wars in France
-France was the start of one of the most feared nations in Europe
English Protestant Reformation
-Religious movement that established Protestantism as the leading faith in England
Europeanization
-To make something, or someone, more European
-Assimilation into European cultures
Francis Drake
-Helped lead English Navy against the Spanish Armada
-Knighted by the Queen of England
French Voyageurs
-Recruited Indians into the fur business
Fundamental Orders
-Created in 1639
-Form of a modern constitution
-Established democratically controlled regime by the citizens
-Some essential features were used in Connecticut's charter and state constitution
Fur Trading
-Beaver furs became an important trade in New France
-Traders recruited Indians to help them trap boatloads of beavers
-Caused Indians to go against their own beliefs
-Early sign of assimilation
General Edward Braddock
-Led some 2,000 militia men in 1775 to capture Fort Duquense
-Were defeated and Indians started to take a wider war path
George Whitefield
-Preacher during the Great Awakening
-Preached of human helplessness and divine omnipotence
Georgia
-Founded in 1733
-Last of the original 13 colonies to be founded
-Created by the English to serve as a buffer zone between the Spanish in Florida and French in Louisiana to protect the Carolinas
Glorious English Revolution
-People of Old England usurped crown of Catholic James II
-Enthroned Protestant William III and Mary
-Caused Dominion of New England to collapse
-Helped spur colonial dissent
Great Awakening
-Religious revival in America
-(See Moodle)
Geurilla Warfare
-The use of small independent groups that take part in irregular fighting