24 terms

world history chapter 2 test

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Terms in this set (...)

fertile crescent
an arc of rich farmland in southwest asia, between the persian gulf and the meditarranean sea
a plain, means "land between the rivers," in between the two rivers called tigris and euphrates
a city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit
a series of rulers from a single family
cultural diffusion
the spreading of ideas or products from one culture to another
a belief in many gods
a political unit in which a number of peoples or countries are controlled by a single ruler
ruler of the babylonian empire from 1792 to 1750 BC, he created a code of laws
a marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river
king who united upper and lower egypt, his capital was memphis
a king of ancient egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader
a government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure; a government controlled by religious leaders
a massive structure with a rectangular base and four triangular sides, like those that were built in egypt as burial places for old kingdom pharoahs
a process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying
an ancient egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
a tall reed that grows in the nile delta, used by the ancient egyptians to make a paperlike material for writing on
a large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent
a wind that shifts in direction at certain times of each year
harappan civilization
another name for the indus valley civilization that arose along the indus river, possibly as early as 7000 BC; characterized by sophisticated city planning
a fertile deposit of windblown soil
oracle bone
one of the animal bones or tortoise shells used by ancient chinese priests to communicate with the gods
mandate of heaven
in chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority
dynastic cycle
the historical pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties
a political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land