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Quiz #2 review
quiz 2 is on Chapters 6.15, 18, Integumentary, Musculoskeletal, and Nervous system disorders and diseases.
Terms in this set (42)
inflammation of the skin caused by contact with an irritant or allergen, such as soap, animal dander, or plants such as poison ivy
(mole) circumscribed skin lesion due to excess melanocytes
most prevalent bone disease in the world
Displacement of a bone from its socket, usually caused by trauma.
Herpes simplex type 2
highly contagious, incurable, sexually transmitted virus causing genital herpes, producing blisters in the genital area
An injury to a ligament that results when the ligament is overstretched, leading to tearing or complete disruption of the ligament
Splitting of the skin due to trauma (a cut due to something sharp)
crippling and life threatening virus affecting mostly children. Affects the nervous system causing paralysis. Vaccine created in the 1960's.
Herpes simplex type 1
the virus causing the common , the viral (more dormant) strain of herpes that is mainly associated with facial infections such as cold sores, fever, or influenza blisters
An injury to a muscle or tendon at a joint. This is due to overuse or overstretching and a less serious than a sprain.
contagious itch or mange especially with exudative crusts that is caused by parasitic mites (especially Sarcoptes scabiei)
A partial or incomplete dislocation of a joint.
A bone that breaks into fragments at the site of injury.
Highly contagious skin disease caused by the Steptococcus and Staphlycoccus bacterium. Vesicles appear around mouth and nose primarily, affects children frequently, and is often associated with poor hygiene.
low back pain risk factors
improper lifting, poor posture, obesity, weak abdominal muscles, spinal deformities
an inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by redness, itching, and oozing vesicular lesions which become scaly, crusted, or hardened
port wine stain
Flat red to purple birth mark compoed of plexus of newly formed capillaries in the papillary layerof the corium; it varies in size, shape, and location, but is usually found on the neck and face. It does not blanch under pressure or disappear.
Bone breaks through the skin
a fungal infection involving parts of the body not covered with hair—called also body ringworm
Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
Candida (yeast) infection in the oral cavity, characterized by white plaques or patches on the tongue or mucosa
A superficial fungal infection of the groin, referred to as jock itch.
Benign acquired disease of unknown origin, consisting of irregular patches of various sizes lacking in pigment. Milk-white patches.
An injury in which soft tissue is torn completely loose or is hanging as a flap.
Benign capillary hemangioma of infancy, will spontaneously regress.
Also called lockjaw, caused by bacteria entering by a break in the skin. Causes painful muscle spasms and can be fatal if not treated.
any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles; Duchenne's MD most common involves shoulder and pelvic girdle muscles
Abnormal, excessive, posterior curvature of the thoracic spine. Common in osteoporosis and also called "humpback"
3rd degree burn
a burn involving all layers of the skin; characterized by the destruction of the epidermis and dermis, with damage or destruction of subcutaneous tissue
sleep apnea forms
mixed apnea, central apnea, obstructive apnea
type of stroke; due to blood clot/plaque breaking loose and occluding a vessel
2nd degree burn
Partial thickness burn involving the deep epidermal layers and always causes injury to the upper layers of the dermis; blisters, severe pain, fluid loss, generalized swelling Ex: Sun burn with blisters
Inflammation of the meninges, Signs & Symptoms of this can be sudden or gradual. Fever, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, lethargy, photophobia, nuchal rigidity (stiff neck), >ICP (intercranial pressure), irritable.
transient ischemic attack
TIA; Temporary disruption of blood supply to the brain. Results in complete recovery. Caused by thrombi or emboli which are broken down by normal body mechanisms.
A disorder of protein and uric-acid metabolism that causes painful inflammation of the joints, commonly the big toe, and arthritic attacks resulting from elevated levels of uric acid in the blood and urate crystals around the joints.
A progressive disease that destroys brain cells and is identified by muscular tremors, slowing of movement, and partial facial paralysis. Deficiency of neurotransmitter, dopamine, is causative.
CVA; Stroke; damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted
- severe, recurrent throbbing headache that is usually limited to one side of the head and often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, and sensitivity to light, noise, and odor. May be brought on by certain food sensitivities.
A chronic and progressive disorder of the brain that is the most common cause of degeneration dementia
A chronic degenerative joint disease characterized by loss of articular cartilage, growth of bone spurs, and impaired movement; occurs in almost all people with age)
where the brain is jarred due to head injury, considered a mild brain injury. may cause loss of consciousness, confusion, and amnesia.
A form of facial paralysis resulting from dysfunction of Cranial Nerve VII (7)
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