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131 terms

LANGUAGE ARTS final exam notecards

vocab that i need to know for final exam
STUDY
PLAY
affect
to act on; produce an effect or change in
effect
something that is produced by an agency or cause; result; consequence:
allusion
a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication:
illusion
something that deceives by producing a false or misleading impression of reality.
ascent
an act of ascending; upward movement; a rising movement:
assent
to agree or concur; subscribe to
complement
something that completes or makes perfect:
compliment
an expression of praise, commendation, or admiration:
counsel
advice; opinion or instruction given in directing the judgment or conduct of another.
council
assembly of persons summoned or convened for consultation, deliberation, or advice.
stationery
writting materials such as pens, pencils, papers, ect.
stationary
standing still, not moving
faint
feeling weak dizzy or exausted about to loose consciousness feeble, weak
feint
an attack aimed at one place or point merely as a distraction from the real place or point of attack
feign
to represent fictitiously; put on an appearance of
flair
a natural talent ability bent knack
flare
to burn with an unsteady swaying flame as a torch in the wind
immigrate
to come ot a country of which 1 is not a native for the pupose of permanet residence
emigrate
to leave 1 country or region to settle in another
dissent
to differ in sentiment or opinion diasgreee
decent
fitting, appropriate
descent
a downward inclination or slope.
kernel
a grain or seed as of a cereal plant inclosed in a hand a husk
colonel
an officer in the US army air force or marine corps ranking above lieutenant colonel and below a bridgadier general
metal
one of a catagory of USU whiteish lusturious electropositve element that are typically ductile and malleable
medal
a flat piece of metal stamped with a commemorative design or inscription, often presented as an award
mettle
quality or stength of charecter
meddle
to intrude in other peoples bussiness or affairs
past
gone by or elapsed time
passed
to move
symbols
something used for or regarding as representing something else
cymbals
a concave plate of brass or bronze that produces a sharp ringing sound when struck
plain
clear or distinct to they eye or ear
plane
flat or level surface airplane flying object, smooth even surface, also a tool
rays
any of numerous elasmobranch fishes having a flattened body adapted for life on the sea bottom or a beam of light
raze
to tear down demolish
raise
to move to a higher position
biannual
occuring twice a year
semiannual
occuring established every half year, or twice a year
biennial
happening every 2 years
perennial
lasting for as indeffintly long time
unanimous
being in complete agree
anonymous
with out any name or awknowledged
principal
first or highest as in rank of value, importance
principle
an accepted or professed rule of action or conduct
capitol
the builing in washington DC in which the US congress holds its sessions
capital
the city or town that is the official seat of goverment in a country, state, ect. also uppercase letter, crime(most serious), and money to make more money
precedes
to go before, as in place, order, rank, importance, or time.
proceeds
to move or go forward or onward, after stopping.
accept
to take or recieve
except
to exclude-leave out
alphabetical
in the order of the letters of the alphabet, a series of letters used to write a language.
identical
the very same impossible to distinguish
mythical
imaginary person or thing
numerical
concerning numbers
physical
pertaining to matter, pertaining to nature and natural features of universe connected with human or animal body.
spectacle
snow, display, pair of optical lenses in frame (glasses), remarkable
tentacle
octupus arm, often with suction pads.
tropical
extremly hot growing occuring in the tropics.
patience
difficulty with calmness
thief
person who steals things
receipt
the act of receiving or being received
freight
goods carried by a vessel or vehical, cargo
counterfeit
to make a copy of w/intent of fraud
niece
daughter of a brother or sister of yourself
reigns
exercise of Sovereign power. As by a monarch
neighbor
one that lives or is located near another
outrageous
grossly offensive
repetition
the act or instance of repeating
committed
to do , perform, or perpetrate
miscellaneous
made up of a variety of parts or ingredients
peculiar
unusual or odd
anxiety
a state or cause of uneasiness and apprehsion
vacuum
absence of matter
auxiliary
giving assistance or support;helping
inconvenience
the state or quality of being inconveinient. Lack of ease or comfort
disastrous
great distruction. Causing much suffering
psychology
to study the human mind and mental processes
reservoir
a body of water stored for public use
conscious
awake,aware
initiation
ceremonies or rites during which 1 is admitted into an orginization
pneumonia
disease characterized by inflammation of the lungs
efficiency
producing a desired effect with minimal effort
influential
having the ability to produce effects on others
negotiate
discuss to bring about an agreement
questionnaire
a set of questions
familiar
often encountered, common
absence
a state or period of being away
souvenir
a token of remembrance
sufficient
being as much as needed
amateur
one lacking expertise
mischievous
causing mischief
hygiene
the conditions or practices that help or preserve health
architect
one who designs or supervises the construction of buildings
discipline
controlled behavior
corps
a special department of the armed forces
occasionally
occurring from time to time
altar
An elevated place or structure before which religious ceremonies may be enacted or upon which sacrifices may be offered.
alter
to make different in some particular, as size, style, course, or the like; modify:
conceited
having an excessively favorable opinion of one's abilities, appearance, etc.
comma rule #1
to separate individual words, phrases, or clauses in a series ex: for dinner we are having meat, vegetables, and a salad
comma rule #2
to separate two or more adjectives (modifiers) that equally modify the same noun ex: the kitten was soft, brown, fluffy fur ball.
comma rule #3
before a coordinating conjunction(FANBOYS) when it joins independent clauses ex: i would like to speak to him, but i do not know what to say
comma rule #4
to set off nonessential (not necessary) clauses ex: dad, who graduated from college in 1970 attended the same school as his father.
comma rule #5
after introductory words such as "well" ex: yes, i will be attending the party
comma rule #6
after and introductory(coming at the beginning of the sentance) participal phrase ex: cheering loudly, the fans welcomed the team.
comma rule #7
after 2 or more introductory prespostional phrases ex: under the mat on the porch, mother left a spare key
comma rule #8
after an introductory adverb (subordinate) clause. ex: when you finish you homework, you may go out to play
comma rule #9
appositives: ex: Miss Damonte, the science teacher, took the students on a field trip
comma rule #10
direct address ex: Jill, listen to this new CD i just bought
comma rule #11
to set of parenthetical expression (after all, as a matter of fact, at any rate, for example, for instance, in fact, in my opinion, in the first place, of course, on the other hand, generally speaking, i believe (know, think, guess, hope, suppose), to tell the truth ex: all of the girls, as a matter of fact, have finished their research papers
comma rule #12
items in dates and addresses ex: In June our family is moving to 2727 Maple Avenue, Denver, CO 81345
comma rule #13
salutations and closings in a friendly letter ex: Dear Susan, or Yours Truly,
comma rule #14
after names followed by "Jr. , Ph.D., MD," ect. ex: Mr. James Thomas, Jr.
comma rule #15
to set off dialougue (the exact words of the speaker) from the rest of the sentance ex: Mary exclaimed, "THAT IS THE BIGGEST SPIDER I'VE EVER SEEN!!"
comma rule #16
DO NOT USE UNNECESSARY COMMAS!!!!!!!!!!!!!
name the 6 tenses
present, past, future, present perfect, past perfect, future perfect
example of present
play
example of past
ran
example of future
will play
example of present perfect
has played
example of past perfect
had played
example of future perfect
will have played
numbers
singular, plural
person
1i, we 2you, you 3 she, they
voice
active, passive
active
when the subject does the action
passive
when the subject receives the action
Transitive
verb has a direct object
Intransitive
verb does not have a direct object
D.O.
direct object S+V+whom, what=D.O.