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40 terms

GeorgeSchool freshman vocab

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ameliorate
to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming
aplomb
(n) poise; assurance
bombastic
pompous or overblown in language; full of high sounding words meant to conceal a lack of ideas
callow
without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers
drivel
saliva; foolish aimless talk or thinking (v.) to let saliva drip from the mouth; to utter nonsense
epitome
an instance that represents a larger reality; model
exhort
to urge strongly
ex officio
by virtue of holding a certain office
infringe
violate, trespass, go beyond bounds
ingratiate
(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
interloper
One who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
intrinsic
(adj) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part, belonging to a thing by its very nature
inveigh
To make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
lassitude
Weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
millennium
a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy
occult
(adj.) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; (v.) to hide, conceal; eclipse; (n.) matters involving the supernatural
permeate
To spread through, penetrate, soak through
precipitate
(v.) to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height, to give distinct form to; (adj.) characterized by excessive haste; (n.) moisture; the product of an action or process
stringent
Strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste
surmise
(v.) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; (n.) likely idea that lacks definite proof
abominate
to have an intense dislike or hatred for
acculturation
the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
adventitious
(adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital
ascribe
(v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute
circuitous
roundabout, not direct
commiserate
to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
enjoin
to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit
expedite
to make easy, cause to progress faster
expiate
to make amends, make up for; to avert
ferment
(n.) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; (v.) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action
inadvertent
resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental
nominal
existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
noncommittal
not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no
peculate
to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use
proclivity
a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)
sangfroid
composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
seditious
resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
tenuous
thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported
vitriolic
bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)
Wheedle
to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end