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25 terms

Unit 1--Maps and Geographic Tools

STUDY
PLAY
map
a representation, usually on a flat surface, of the whole or a part of an area
globe
a spherical representation of the Earth
latitude
distance north or south from the equator measured in degrees
longitude
distance measured by degrees or time east or west from the prime meridian
compass rose
a map tool that indicates direction
legend
(A.K.A key) explains symbols on a map. The symbols may be colors, patterns, lines, or other special marks.
scale
the size of a picture, plan or model of a thing compared to the size of the thing itself
scale bar
shows the relationship between map measurements and actual distance on earth
time zones
24 regions or divisions of the globe approximately coinciding with meridians at successive hours from the observatory at Greenwich, England. Each is 15 degrees longitude.
absolute location
the exact position of a place on the Earth's surface
relative location
location in relation to other places
mental map
An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
GIS
geographic information systems--computer tools for processing and organizing details and satellite images with other pieces of information
GPS
geographic positioning system--a system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and recievers.
geography
Study of the earth
hemisphere
Four parts of the Earth that separate the northern southern eastern and western spheres
grid system
Pattern formed as the lines of latitude and longitude cross one another
region
an area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features
cartography
science or art of making maps
atlas
a book of maps
cardinal directions
North, South, East, West
reference map
a map type that shows the location of places and geographic features
political map
A map showing units such as countries, states, provinces, districts, etc. Each is normally a different color
thematic map
a map that shows the degree of an attribute (income, ethnicity, religion, oil, etc.) and its patterns
distortion
disadvantages for maps depicting the entire world of the: shape, distance, relative size, and direction of places on maps