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Terms in this set (62)
Additive color formation
Theory based on mixing red, green, and blue light in various combinations to create a color reproduction or image.
the process in which smooth curves and other lines become jagged because an image is enlarged or the resolution of the graphics device or file is reduced.
Software technique for diminishing the jagged edges of an image that should be smooth.
A feature of some graphics programs; allows bitmapped images to be converted into vector format.
A vector graphic defined mathematically by two endpoints and two or more other points that control its shape.
Graphics files that contain a map of pixels, each of which is assigned characteristics such as color and brightness, to make up the image.
Binary digit. The basic unit of digital information.
A binary word, or group of eight individual 1s and 0s.
Color management system (CMS)
An electronic prepress tool that provides a way to correlate the color-rendering capabilities of input devices, color monitors, and output devices to produce predictable, consistent color.
A proofreading method done primarily by one person to find such major problems as copy deletion, incorrect sequence, or copy duplication.
The characteristic of a selection menu in page composition software in which the options that display are dependent on the type of the material being worked on.
Describes applications, formats, or devices that work on multiple computer operating system platforms.
Variable typeface attribute.
A page composition software feature that permits the operator to input information, such as specifying an action, inputting a measurement, or selecting a color.
Digital prepress system
A computer-centered process that consists of preparing content, composing pages, and outputting the finished file.
A measurement of the vertical distance between rows of pixels on a monitor, stated in decimal fractions of a millimeter.
A selection list within the software programs that extends downward from the menu bar on the computer display screen.
the font list for a document. Font sets can be created for individual jobs and activate only the set needed.
One billion bytes, abbreviated GB.
Graphical user interface (GUI)
A method of representing computer operations and programs on the screen with icons that can be selected with a mouse to perform activities.
A computer and its associated devices.
A type of job proof that provides four-color proofs generated directly from the digital files.
A computer program used with output devices that receive PDL page descriptions.
Job Definition Format (JDF)
A file format based on Extensible Markup Language (XML), which provides a standard format that is compatible with any JDF-enabled equipment.
Lossless compression algorithms
A mathematical formula for image compression that assumes that the likely value of a pixel can be inferred form the values of surrounding pixels.
Lossy compression algorithms
A mathematical formula for image compression in which data is an image that is least perceptible to the eye is removed.
One million bytes; usually abbreviated MB.
A device used with computers to send and receive digital information through telephone lines.
Open press interface (OPI) system
A computer configuration and software that allows the designer to use low-resolution images when creating document layouts in page composition programs, and high-resolution images automatically replace the low-resolution images when the file is sent to an output device.
A piece of equipment used to display, produce, or transfer information processed by a computer, such as monitors and printers.
Page description language (PDL)
A file format that describes a page's layout, contents, and position within the larger document in a manner the output device can understand.
A non printed set of guidelines on each composition page that includes guidelines for margins, columns, gutters, and other basic page elements.
a modified form of a program menu that can be resized and positioned on the screen to suit the operators's preferences.
An on-screen work area in page composition programs; used for temporary storage of layout elements before moving them onto the page.
The computer system that is used to operate software. The platform defines the standard around which a system can be developed.
A programming language, commonly referred to as page description language.
PostScript printer typeface file
One of two component files that make up a PostScript family, used for printing PostScript Type 1 fonts.
PostScript Type 1 font
Consists of all the variations of one style of type; includes the suitcase file and PostScript printer typeface file.
the process of checking documents for completeness to avoid unnecessary or unsuccessful processing.
A small computer content inside a laser printer that translates the output of the computer into a bitmapped image for printing.
Any copy or art that is checked before going into print.
The process of checking for typesetting errors and marking them for correction.
Widely used symbols that single out and explain when something in typeset copy is to be taken out, added, or changed.
Redundant Array of Independent Disks. A hard drive configuration that connects a number of high-capacity hard disk drives together.
Random-access memory (RAM)
Type of short-term computer memory that stores information in process.
Raster image processor (RIP)
A device that interprets all of the page layout information for the marking engine of the output device.
A compression option that allows the user to specify compression levels for different elements within a single file.
Special outputs for each color on a page composition software.
A technique used by some printers to reduce jaggies.
Press-ready, electronic files that represent what the final printed page will look like and are most often PDF files that can be viewed on a computer monitor.
Computer programs that initiate and accomplish various computer-based tasks.
A formatting tool that combines a number of attributes, such as type size, alignment, and other characteristics.
Subtractive color formation
The combination of cyan, magenta, yellow, and black inks to produce a printed image.
One or two component files that make up a PstScript type family, used for the screen display of fonts.
In a page composition program, a reusable form that can be set up to include the page geometry, typography, and other elements of a page that recur in a document.
a page composition program feature that allows the original text formatting applied to be retained when the text is imported into the page composition program.
Positively charged powder that is attracted to negatively charged image dots to make up the printed image on a page.
A proofreading method that requires the reader to work with an assistant, called the copyholder.
fonts represented with vector graphics, also known as scalable fonts or outline fonts.
Images that are defined in terms of mathematical parameters, which gives the artist or designer control over shape, placement, line width, and pattern.
A monitor display method used by word processing and page layout programs, in which the monitor displays RGB representation of the printed output.
A monitor display method used by word processing and page layout programs that uses color management software to produce CMYK representation of the printed output.
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