Posture and Balance (LAB)

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Terms in this set (...)

Posture
the stereotypical alignment of body/limb segments
-static and dynamic postures (sitting, running)
Balance
technically defines as the ability to maintain the center-of-gravity (COG) of an object within its base-of-support (BOS)
Postural Control
involves controlling the body's position in space for the dual purpose of stability and orientation
Postural Stability
referred to as the ability to control the center of mass in relation to the base of support
Postural Orientation
defined as the ability to maintain an appropriate relationship between body segments
Postural Tone
in standing upright, activity increases in anti-gravity postural muscles to counteract gravity, referred as Postural Tone
COM of Human Body
when all the segments of the human body are combined and considered as a single rigid object in anatomical position
-the point where all the mid cardinal planes meet
-anterior to the second sacral vertebrae (S2)