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69 terms

Theater Appreciation

STUDY
PLAY
Resident Theater/Regional
profesional, non profit organizations that maintain a constant presence in a community and produce an enire season of plays
Regional Theater
Also Known As Residential Theaters
Commercial Theater
Is Ment to earn profit for investors
Educational Theater
may be extracurricular or integrated into classroom structure.
Community Theater
created by residents of a particular area who come together to create theater without being part of a larger institution
Non-Profit Theater
May Be Professional but not commercial
Broadway Theater
Broadway theatre, commonly called Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 40 large professional theatres with 500 seats or more located in the Theatre District, New York and in Lincoln Center, in Manhattan, New York City
Off-Broadway
Theatrical work, often experimental and inexpensive, presented in New York City outside the Broadway entertainment. <500
Off-Off Broadway
in coffee shops, etc. <100
Hybrid
doesnt fit into the proffesional or amateur catagory
Empathy
Emotional Identification when you feel among with the characters
Aethetic Distance
"the art of distance"
Catharsis
emotional release, (psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions
Allienation Effect
involves the use of techniques designed to distance the audience from emotional involvement in the play through jolting reminders of the artificiality of the theatrical performance.
Downstage
closest to the audience
Wings
in proscenium theater, spaces offstage left and right for actors, crew, and scenery not yet in the visable performance space.
Arena
An Arena is an enclosed area
Proscenium
Proscenium theatre is a theatre space whose primary feature is a large frame or arch (called the proscenium arch even though it is frequently not a rounded archway at all), which is located at or near the front of the stage.
Thrust Theater
Thrust stages may be similar to proscenium stages but with a platform or performance area that extends into the audience space so that the audience is located on three sides., rectangular theater in which audience sits to the left and right and in front of the stage
Black Box Theater
A theatre that is usually small and that allows flexibility in the arrangement of audience to acting space. It is so named because the walls are usually painted black
Upstage
Farthest from Audience
Vomitories
Roman theatre entry/escape ways
Osiris
Egyptian god of the underworld and judge of the dead
Bertolt Brecht
Father of Epic Theatre
Playwright
someone who writes plays
Producer
something that produces
Director
the person who leads a musical group
Casting Director
a person who specializes in finding the right actors for parts; especially common in Hollywood
Designers
group of people who determine what costumes, set, lights, sound, props go on the stage to establish the atmosphere
Stage Manager
someone who supervises the physical aspects in the production of a show and who is in charge of the stage when the show is being performed
Front of House
lobby and ticket booth
Actor
a theatrical performer
Chorus
a group of singers/dancers who interacted with and responded to the actor.
Mimesis
the representation of another person's words in a speech
Hypokrites
Greek word for actor which means acting like someone else: hypocrite is derived from this word
Theatron
"Seeing place" where the audience sat
Skene
small hut like building behind the stage used as a dressing room and later as a backdrop for painted settings
Orchestra
seating on the main floor in a theater
Mystery Plays
a drama that was religious in nature during the Middle Ages.
Cycle Plays
(mystery plays because of their peculiar staging format) a series of playlets inspired by stories in the bible, written in a common language of the populace, presented in sequence, performed in, on, and or around a stage or series of stages, Longest theatrical production recorded, usually lasted a few days, although one went on for 25 days.
Miracle Plays
Dramas, originally under church control, that were based on the lives of the saints
Morality Plays
Plays whos purpose were to teach moral lessons
Aristotle
philosopher who focused on the study of nature
Trajedy
In the modern era, tragedy has also been defined against drama, melodrama, the tragicomic and epic theatre
Plato
Plato maintained in his critique that theatre was not sufficient in conveying the truth.
Theater
An Empty Space, Person in Action in that Space being watched by someone else
Omnibox
Higherpriced Seating
Bertolt Brecht
Bertolt Brecht rejected the cathartic model. He Believed that theater should be to appeal to the intellect of the audience and incite it into social action.

"father of epic theater"
Pete Brooks
Hypocrites
Thespis
Attributed to writing the first trajedies
534 B.C.
Tragety
Aeschylus
wrote the Orestia which is the only surviving triology
Sophocles
Writer of tragedies including Oedipus Rex, Antigone
Aristophanes
an ancient Greek dramatist remembered for his comedies (448-380 BC)
Hellenistic Period
time where Greek art and culture merge with influences from the Middle East; culture associated with the spread of Greek influence as a result of Macedonian conquests
The Greek Term Catharsis refers to?
Aesthetic Distance
Front of House Staff
Ushers
Who was the first greek playright
Aeschylus, Thespis, Euripides
Menander
wrote The grouch (only surviving new comedy)
most popular form of japenese theater
kabuki
How many types of greek theater are there
Comedy, Trajedy, sader, etc
Menander
Great writer of new comedies; used stock characters; situational comedies concerned with ordinary happenings of contemporary life
Dionysus
(Greek mythology) god of wine and fertility and drama
Terence
All 6 of his plays (4 based on Menander originals) survive; refined language, subtle humor, complex story lines
Seneca
wrote tragedies based on Greek plays; onstage violence; plays not staged; revenge; influenced Shakespeare with 5-act structure
Herodotus
Roman lyric poet said to have influenced English poetry (65-8 BC)
Orestia
Only Surviving Trilogy, Wrote by Aeschyles
Euripides
Medea, Bacchae
Pageants
Wagons with scenery used in processional staging