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Unit II Test Review
Unit II Test Review-US Government
Terms in this set (51)
In the United States, a political party is made up of a group of people who?
work to get candidates elected to political offices
How long do most single-issue parties last?
What are the major functions of political parties?
keep the general public informed about key issues, monitor the conduct of its candidates in office, assure the qualifications of candidates for office
Over time, the ideas first developed by minor parties are often _________ by major parties.
Why did the two-party system develop in the United States?
Conflicts about the Constitution created opposing viewpoints
How have minor parties contributed to United States politics the most?
Causing major parties to adopt their ideas
What are some functions of political parties in the United States?
Nominating candidates for office, insuring the good performance of their elected officials, providing a mechanism for the conduct of government
Which groups have tended to support the Democratic Party in recent decades?
Union members, minorities, women
What things were used to keep African Americans from voting?
Poll taxes, literacy tests, threats and social pressures, grandfather clause
What are reasons people give for not voting in elections?
long-term mental or physical illness or illness on election day, rules and regulations that make registration and voting inconvenient, apathy or distrust of politics and political candidates
process by which people formulate their political attitudes and opinions
Know why literacy tests worked to deny the right to vote to African Americans.
African Americans were asked questions that were more difficult than those asked of prospective white voters
The phenomenon in which fewer votes are cast for offices further down the ballot
Why are voting machines used
to minimize vote-counting errors
A primary in which candidates are not labeled by party
Only declared party members may vote
All qualified voters may vote
The smallest geographic unit for conducting an election
Why is it a drawback that you need large amounts of money to campaign?
People who cannot raise the money are denied a chance to be elected
To whom does the Constitution gives the power to set the date for holding congressional elections?
Know who the FEC is and what it does
it is an independent agency in the executive branch, it administers federal laws dealing with campaign finance, it places limits on campaign expenditures and contributions
What is the earliest and most significant agent in the process of political socialization?
Why are polls taken?
Determine people's attitudes and viewpoints
What is the impact the mass media has on public agenda?
Focus the public's attention on specific issues
Attitudes held by a significant number of people concerning governmental and political questions are known as what?
How is public opinion made known?
Interest groups, the media, personal contacts
Why is the term "public opinion" misleading?
Americans belong to many different publics, each with a distinctive viewpoint
What's the most reliable measure of public opinion?
Why do Politicians want to have accurate information about public opinion?
Plan better campaigns if they know what is important to the people
What are interest groups most interested in doing?
Influencing specific public policies
What are goals of interest groups?
Supplying the public with information they believe the people should have, building a positive image for their group, promoting a particular public policy
How do interest groups apply pressure to the government?
The use of propaganda, lobbying, contributing to political campaigns
Who are lobbyists and what do they do?
People who generally work within the governmental process to affect policies
What is propaganda and how is it used
used to influence people to adopt a particular belief
What are criticisms of interest groups?
it is hard to tell how many people they represent
Know the following key terms:
All of the people entitled to vote in a given election.
A group of persons who seek control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office.
Supported by two parties.
The smallest unit of election administration; a voting district.
Voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election.
Private organizations whose members share certain views and work to shape public policy.
All of the goals a government sets and the various courses of action it pursues as it attempts to realize these goals.
Activities by which group pressures are bought to bear on legislators, the legislative process, and all aspects of the public policy-making process.
mandated by the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the prior approval by the Justice Department of changes to or new election laws by certain States.
The right to vote.
The process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions.
A party-nominating election in which only declared party members can vote.
A party-nominating election in which any qualified voter can take part.
Those means of communication that reach large audiences, especially tv, radio, printed publications, and the Internet.
The complex collection of the opinions of many different people; the sum of all their views.
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