Vocab R -S
Terms in this set (49)
a phrase or line reoccurring usually after each stanza, sometimes within the stanza. Common in old ballads and had the value of an incantation.
(rebirth) The great revival of learning under the influence of Greek and Roman art and literature which began in Italy, 14th Century.
A rapid and witty response in conversation, especially one that turns and insult back on its originator; or a succession of such replies in a dialogue between character-usually in drama
(rest) A special mass for the repose of the souls of the dead, also a musical setting for the ____. Ophelia's funeral in Hamlet
The return of Charles II in 1660 re-established the monarchy in England. Term extends to the end of the 17th century. John Dryden
A type of Elizabethan tragedy, modeled loosely n the plays pf the Roman play write Seneca, in which revenge was featured and bloodshed was common. Generally deal with son's avenge of his fathers death
The art of using language, as in public speech, to persuade or influence others. Eloquent and often heightened use of words
A question put not to elicit an answer, but as a more effective substitute for a statement.
A seven-line decasyllablic stanza with the rhyme scheme ababbcc, used by Chaucer first
Roman a clef
A novel in which actual, sometimes well-known individuals appear under fictitious names
Roman a these
A novel that advocated a specific position on a social or moral question, "protest novel". The Grapes of Wrath, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
A tale of chivalry, a medieval tale in prose or verse celebrating the adventures on love and war of some hero/ Narrative featuring adventures in exotic places, love stories, and/or the celebration of simple rustic life.
A term applied to the movement in European lit and other arts that began towards the end of the 18th century. Emphasizing the imagination and emotion over intellect and reason. Reaction against neoclassicalism
A 13th century French verse form consisting of 15 lines, usually divided into three stanzas, there are only two rhymes throughout, and the opening words are used twice as a refrain. Paul Lawrence Dunbar "We Wear the Mask"
A fully developed character who is never unpredictable and can surprise the reader in a convincing way. Austen, Dickens, Tolstoy, and Dostoevsky
A line of verse whose sense runs over to the following line.
A medieval Scandinavian or Icelandic narrative poem depicting the adventures of legendary figures. A long narrative dealing with the fortunes of a family over a number of years
The holding up of vice or folly to ridicule. It often makes use of irony or scarcasm
The study of metrical form; the determination of patterns comprised of stressed and unstressed syllables
The branch of philosophy concerned with word meanings
A poem or stanza of 7 lines. The most common seven-lined stanza is known as rhyme royal
A poem or stanza of 6 lines; the term frequently refers of the second part of the Petrarchan sonnet
A fixed verse form of 39 lines, developed in ProvenHal by the Troubadours. It features six end words that are repeated in an interwoven order through six stanzas and in a final three-line envoi which contains all six words
The sonnet pattern that emerges from Shakespeare's sonnet cycle of 154 poems. Three quatrains followed by a couplet
This word is appended in brackets after a word or expression in a quotation as a guarantee that it is quoted exactly, through its incorrectness or absurdity world suggest that it is not
An imaginative comparison using words "like" or "as"
One that is not a true rhyme, usually to create a particular effect. myth/math and break/brook
In theatrical terms, speaking one's thoughts aloud with none to hear but the audience
The view that the self is the only object of real knowledge or the only thing really existent
A poem of 14 lines usually in iambic pentameter. Italian (Petrarchan) divided by a pause into octave and sestet. Octave rhyme abba, abba. The sestet rhyme cde,cde. The English ____ consists of three quatrains and a concluding couplet, rhymed abab,cdcd,efef,gg.
"wise" A specious and fallacious argument used deliberately to mislead or to display ingenuity in reasoning. Paid teacher of intellectual and ethical matters. A term of disparagement.
In English poetry, a foot consisting of two stressed syllables. Milton's "Paradise Lost"
Virtually impossible in English, can be combined with other metrical feet.
An accidental reversal of the initial sounds, or other parts, of two or more words
A rhythm counted not by syllables and regular feet but by stresses.
In drama, a dialogue in which two characters respond to each other in rapid, hostile repartee. The effect is a verbal duel. Ex. Oedipus and Tiresias in "Oedipus Rex"
Stream of Consciousness
A modern writing style that tries to depict the random flow of thoughts, emotions, memories, and associates flowing from the character's mind. Ex. James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, William Faulkner
"turn" In Greek prosody, a stanza of a choral song sung as the chorus moves in one direction. Followed by the antistrophe, a similar stanza, which as sung while the chorus moved in the opposite direction. Can apply to any stanza or unit of lines.
Strum und Drang
A German literary movement in the 1770's which sprang up in reaction to the prevailing 18th century neoclassicism. Strove to achieve an emotional intensity and freedom from the restrictions of neoclassic conventions. Rousseau, revolt against the limitations of conventions, and was a recall to nature. Today- describes and work exhibiting emotionalism, intensity, and exaggerated language.
Characterized by extreme nobility and grandeur. Impressive, exhausted, and awe-inspiring, as though raised above ordinary human qualities.
A separate action in a story or play, usually contrasting with the main plot. King Lear and Hamlet
A term used in contemporary drama to suggest the implied, rather than explicit meaning of statements that a character makes.
A movement amount certain writers and painters to approximate the subconscious by means or words set down without logical sequence, or of normal objects distorted visually. Grew out of dadaism and Futurism and stressed the importance of dreams. Mira and Salvatore Dail, James Joyce, Dylan Thomas.
The patterning of verse according to the number of syllables in each line rather than by metrics. Dylan Thomas "Fern Hill"
A series of three statements, the last of which is a logical deduction from the first two. It consists of a major premise, a minor premise, ad a conclusion that is necessarily true because the true remises are true.
Ex. All me are mortal; all soldiers are men; therefore, all soldiers are mortal.
Something standing for something else. Movement in French Literature, wherein poets aimed at representing ideas and emotions by suggestions rather than by direct expression. Poe, Mallard, Verlaine, Rimbaud, Blake, Yeats, TS Eliot, Joyce and Kafka. Attempted to revolt against naturalism and realism.
The close association of an image perceived by one of the senses with and image perceived by another. The sensory impressions belonging to sight, sound, and smell are connected.
A figure of speech in which part is substituted for the whole, the while for the part, to the genus for the species. Ex. All hands on deck
A summary of a work's plot or argument
The arrangement and grammatical relation of words as parts of a sentence; the tactics of word order.