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27 terms

Veterinary Nursing: Urogenital Examination and Care

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Cryptorchidism
Testicles do not descend into the scrotum
Unilateral
One testicle is undescended
Bilateral
Both testicles are undescended
Inguinal
Location of testicles: subcutaneous in the groin
Abdominal
Location of testicles: within the abdomen
Prostatitis
Inflammation/infection of the prostate
Prostatic Neoplasia
Cancer of the prostate, Common in dogs, rare in cats
Intact
Unneutered
Dyschezia
Difficulty deficating
Balanoposthitis
Inflammation/infection of the prepuce. Yellowish and greenish discharge. Yellowish discharge is normal in intact males, do not confuse with this. May clear up on its own or require antibiotic treatment
Prepuce
The penile sheath
Urethral Abstruction
With urinary calculi. Most common in male cats, occurs in male dogs, esp. Dalmations. Crystals and stones also occur in females, but obstruction is rare in females
Calculi
Urinary stones
Testicular Neoplasia
Cancer of the testes. Obvious size difference between testes. Bumpy surface on testis. May be ulcerated through scrotum. Best treatment is castration
Vulvar Fold Dermatitis
Inflammation/infection in folds of skin surrounding vulva. Accumulation of urine and vaginal secretions in the folds. Warm moist environment for growth of bacteria and yeast. Common in overweight dogs, rare in cats
Pyometra
Distention of the uterus with pus. Intact female dogs and cats. Number one treatment is to spay the animal
Mammary Neoplsia
Tumors of the mammary glands. Dogs and cats. May ulcerate through the skin. Far more common in intact females and females that exp. multiple heats before spaying
Vaginitis
Inflammation/infection of the vagina. Yellowish to greenish vaginal discharge. May clear up on its own or require antibiotic treatment
Vaginal/Uterine Prolapse
Protrusion of the vagina or uterus through vulva. Most commonly occurs postpartum. A red inflamed mass is usually evident. Fluid may need to be drawn out of the tissue before it can be replaced
Postpartum
After giving birth
Estrus
Heat. Dogs will have bloody discharge, vulvar edema, mammary development and standing heat. Cats may tread, preform lordosis, deviated tail, vocalization, thich mucus dishcharge
Lordosis
Ventral curvature of spine, crouched in front, with hindquarters raised
Pregnancy
Intact animal, distended abdomen, mammary development. from two weeks onward, fetuses may be palpated through abdominal wall
Urinary Tract Infection
UTI. Signs; frequent urination, may be little output each time, pain upon urination, blood in urine, foul odor to urine
Renal Failure
Kidney failure. Signs; frequent urination, usually a large volume of dilute urine, weight loss, oral ulcers, halitosis
Halitosis
Bad Breath
Urinary Incontinence
Inability to control the flow of urine. Most common in spayed female dogs, geriatric animals