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20 terms

Ch. 4 Diseases and Conditions of the Endocrine System

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acidosis
A pathologic condition resulting from the accumulation of acids in the body.
corticotropin
signals the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from the anterior lobe of the pituitary
epiphyseal
the long end of a bone where bone growth occurs.
gonadotropin
a hormone that stimulates the testes and the ovaries to function
hyperglycemia
A greater than normal amount of glucose in the blood.
hyperkalemia
An abnormally high concentration of potassium ions in the blood; high potassium
hypocalcemia
Abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
hypothalamus
a portion of the diencephalon of the brain.
panhypopituitarism
Condition in which the entire pituitary glands ceases to function and is not producing pituitary hormones.
polydipsia
Condition of excessive thirst
polyphagia
Excessive eating
polyuria
Condition of excessive urination
pruritus
Itching
radioimmunoassay
radiology used to detect the concentration of an antigen or antibody or other protein in the serum.
Somatotropin
Growth-stimulating hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
thyrotoxicosis
a toxic condition caused by hyperactivity of the thyroid gland
thyrotropin
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
thyroxine
Hormone secreted from the thyroid gland that promotes growth and development; increases metabolic rate in cells
triiodothyronine
a hormone that helps regulate growth and development, metabolism, and body temperature.
vasopressin
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)