AP Biology: Animal Behavior
Terms in this set (21)
study of animal behavior
behaviors that are inherited
random movement of animal in relation to stimulus; the stimulus causes an alteration in rate or direction of activity or movement.
sequence of unlearned acts that are unchangeable and usually continue until they are completed
Behaviors that are modified based on specific experiences
example: nest building
loss of responsiveness to stimuli with little or no meaning; animal can ignore meaningless stimuli
arbitrary stimulus associated with particular outcome
example: training a dog
Operant Conditioning (trial and error)
when faced with two choices, an organism can learn to choose the option with the best reward.
example: students who study to improve their grades
engaging in behavior that doesn't help you, but helps rest of population (selfless)
altruistic behavior that enhances reproductive success of relatives
threats, rituals, and combat; settles disputes over resources, asserting dominance
seeking and attracting mates/choosing and competing for males
Some baby bird species will follow the first moving object they see usually the mother.
organisms move from one place to another periodically, generally in response to temperature or food availability.
example: geese, monarch butterflies
An organism responds to a chemical by moving towards it.
example: male cockroach pheromones attract females
An organism responds to a chemical by moving away from it.
example: the smell of a skunk repels other animals
An organism responds to light by moving towards it.
example: moths to a light
An organism responds to light by moving away from it.
example: moles live underground
Immediate causes such as genetic, developmental, physiological processes that permit the animal to carry out a specific behavior, answers how and what questions
The evolutionary explanations for why a certain behavior occurs
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