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13 terms

Minerals

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mineral
a naturally occurring inorganic solid with a distinct chemical composition and
crystalline structure
luster
the property of a mineral that describes the quality or appearance of light reflected
from its surface
fracture
the property of a mineral that describes an irregular pattern of breakage in a
direction other than along cleavage planes
cleavage
the tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crystalline structure where
bonds are weakest
sulfides
a mineral consisting of a metal element combined with sulfur
streak
the property of a mineral that describes its color in powdered form
crystal
a solid substance in which the atoms or ions are arranged in an orderly pattern that
repeats over and over again
mineralogy
the study of minerals and their properties
ore
a metallic element that can be separated from its surrounding rock and sold for profit
rock-forming mineral
a specific group of minerals known to form a rock
silica tetrahedron
a grouping of one silica ion and four oxygen ions that forms the basic
building block of a silicate
silicates
any mineral that has its building block a tetrahedron of silicon and oxygen
carbonate
a nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block one carbon atom
covalently bonded to three oxygen atoms