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57 terms

Causes of the Revolutionary War

Causes of the Revolutionary War test about the 10 causes in Mr. Paul's class.
STUDY
PLAY
Great Awakening
new focus on religion in the colonies called when preachers went around telling people to focus more on God than money
Gentry Jobs
Church officials and plantation owners
Allies of Native Americans in French and indian war
The French
General Braddock
1,000 soldiers were killed with this general who had been warned by George Washington in the French and indian war
Proclamation Line of 1763
What King George III did when he decided he didn't want the colonists exploring or getting killed in the Ohio River Valley
tariff
Tax on foreign products, on imported goods
4 social classes in order from highest to lowest
gentry, middle, no name, lower/slave
Who won the french and indian war?
Great Britain and the Colonists
Treaty
peace agreement at the end of a war
Stamp Act
Put a tax on printed items such as newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards
Declaratory Act
Said parliament had the right to tax the colonies
militia
a group of volunteer citizens ready to fight
Coercive Act
closed the Boston Harbor until the colonists paid the british for damaged tea
Sons of Liberty
A group formed by colonists who protested British taxes and laws
Townshend Act
Placed taxes on paint, glass, lead, paper, and tea. Came after Declaratory Act
What did 1 flash of light from the bell tower mean to Paul Revere?
British were coming by land
How many colonists were killed in the Boston Massacre?
5
In what year did the Revolutionary War begin?
1775
Battle at Lexington
First battle of revolutionary war
Loyalist
Someone who lived in the colonies but wanted to continue supporting the British government
Ohio River Valley
Area of land that Great Britain received as part of the Treaty of Paris
What happened to the soldiers who were put on trial after the Boston Massacre?
7 were acquitted, 2 were branded on the thumbs for manslaughter
What John Locke believed
That government was supposed to protect its peoples' freedoms of life, liberty, and property and if they didn't, the people should have the power to change it.
Quartering Act
Act after the Sugar act that made colonists house, clothe, and feed british soldiers.
Boycott
Someone refuses to buy or use a product as a form of protest
How many British soldiers were killed at the battle of Lexington?
0
The 1st continental congress was held in what city?
Philadelphia
The colonists wrote a letter to the King and succeeded when trying to get the King to get rid of what act?
Stamp Act
In what year was the Boston Massacre?
1770
Why did Britain think the Tea Act was good for colonists?
It lowered the tax on tea
Why did the colonists think the Tea Act was bad?
It took jobs from the colonists
Who fired the first shot at the Battle of Lexington?
No one knows for sure
Who was the british captain during the Boston Massacre?
Captain Preston
How many soldiers did Britain send to help the colonists the 2nd time they asked for help in the French and Indian War?
9000
The british king during the French and Indian War
King George II
Why did the colonists dress up as Indians during the Boston Tea Party?
to disguise themselves so the British didn't know who they were
In what city was the Stamp act congress held?
New york city
Who was one of the leaders of the Sons of Liberty?
John Hancock or Sam Adams
How many colonists made up the militia that gathered in Lexington?
70
Smuggling
illegally sneaking something into the country
Middle Class jobs
doctors and lawyers
How were social classes different in the colonies rather than in britain?
In the colonies you could move up or down, in britain you couldn't move
Crispus Attucks
First african american colonists that was killed in the Boston Massacre
In what city did the colonists win their first battle of the Revolutionary War?
Concord
Patriot
a colonist who favored independence from the british
How many riders warned the colonists that the British were coming to take a shed full of weapons in Concord?
3
What was the colonists' biggest argument against British taxes
NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!
Bayonet
a long steel knife attached to the end of a musket
National Debt
total sum of money a country owes
What colonist made a picture of the Boston Massacre from the colonists' point of view?
Paul Revere
What war put Britain in a big national debt?
French and Indian War
Parliament
the British lawmaking group
1 reason why the colonists thought the Coercive Act was unfair
Not all the colonists should be punished for something a small group did OR colonists could not pay for the tea if they weren't able to work with the harbor closed
What was the Tea Act the cause for?
Boston Tea Party
The shots fired at Lexington were the immediate cause of what war?
Revolutionary War
From a colonists point of view, give 1 reason why the townshend acts were worse than the stamp act
5 things taxed instead of 3 OR needs taxed instead of wants
Where were the colonists hiding weapons that the british found out about?
Concord