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Terms in this set (22)
Creating offspring that are genetically identical to the parent organism.
Creating offspring that are genetically unique to the parent organism. Combining gametes; sperm and egg.
A genetically identical organism from an outgrowth of the parent organism.
Single celled organisms create identical copies through cell division.
An organism is able to regenerate from pieces of a parent organism.
Genetically identical plant is created from a fragment of a plant or specialized reproductive structure (bulb, runner, tuber).
Carried by wind and water, when planted grow into a genetically identical organism. (Ex. mushrooms, ferns)
Process which forms gametes (sperm and egg). Creation of genetically unique cells.
Process used for growth, repair, and asexual reproduction. Creation of identical cells.
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes.
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes.
Containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.
A random error in gene replication that leads to a change in the DNA. Could be good, bad, or make no difference.
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce.
new cells produced by cell division
things organisms do to survive
a physical feature of an organism's body having a specific function that contributes to the survival of the organism
An extension of a plant stem, which runs over the ground as it grows, touches down, takes root, and develops another plant at that location.
a swollen underground stem
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