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growth and development
Terms in this set (25)
-changing any one part changes the whole thing
Refusal to eat because something previously eaten did not taste good
Refusal to eat a food because of its color even though its taste and smell are acceptable
universal ethical principle
stage associated with a person who wants to modify a law if it does not seem just
Stage where a person tends to follow a law even if it is not fair
stage where an individual shows concerns for his or her society and makes decisions in accordance to his or her society
stage where a child recognizes that there is more than one correct view
Gesell's theory of development
-each child's pattern of growth is unique and that this pattern is directed by gene activity.
Piaget's theory of cognitive development
four periods related to age: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations.
Erikson's theory of psychosocial development
an individual needs to accomplish a particular task before mastering the stage and progressing to the next one.
Havinghurst's theory of stage crisis
incorporates three primary sources for developmental tasks: tasks that surface because of physical maturation, tasks that evolve from personal values, and tasks that are a result of pressures from society.
vocal changes in males
-On average, the length of the vocal cords in males increases by approximately 0.4 inch (1 cm). The increased length of the vocal cords, accompanied with hypertrophy of the laryngeal mucosa, results in changes in the voice.
vocal changes in females
-development of broader hips.
-voice becomes deeper and fuller because of an average increase in vocal cord length of 0.17 inch (0.4 cm), enlargement of the larynx, and hypertrophy of the laryngeal mucosa.
-will benefit from a bedtime routine,
-will likely adapt slowly to a new daycare setting
-will display intense emotions, including those associated with happiness.
autonomy vs. shame and doubt
1.5-3 year old
The child will have control over his or her body and environment. Therefore, the child starts imitating elders in an attempt to learn and do things for himself or herself.
initiative versus guilt
3- to 6-year-old
-will try to explore things with all the senses
industry versus inferiority
6- to 12-year-old
-child will perform tasks to attain real achievements and not as mere imitation
identity versus role confusion
12-18 year old
-child becomes preoccupied with personal appearance.
The male child is tall, with deficient secondary sex characteristics and hypogenitalism. The chromosomal abnormality present in the child is denoted as 48,XXXY.
Jacobs XYY chromosomal abnormality
A child with the chromosomal complement 47,XYY which is associated with normal sexual development and aggressive sexual tendencies.
The chromosomal complement 45,XO is seen in children with Turner syndrome. A child with Turner syndrome will have short stature and a webbed neck.
The 47,XXX chromosomal complement, triple X, chromosomal abnormality. This condition is associated with impaired language and mental capacity.
slow to warm-up child
These children are uneasy or cautious in new situations or with unfamiliar people. They react negatively with mild intensity to new stimuli.
stella chess and alexander thomas
-appearance of breast buds
-considered to be an initial indication of puberty
growth of pubic hair on the mons pubis occurs
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