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Poetry Terms

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Alliteration
Repetition of the same or very similar constant sounds usually at the beginning of words that are close together in a poem
Assonance
Repetition of similar vowel sounds
Ballad
a song or songlike poem that tells a story.
End Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
Internal Rhyme
a rhyme between words in the same line
Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
Rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
Meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
Rhythm
Musical quality in language produced by repetition
Hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
Stanza
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
Couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
Imagery
language that appeals to the senses
Narrative Poetry
poetry that tells a story
Lyric Poetry
Personal, reflective poetry that reveals the speaker's thoughts and feelings about the subject
Dramatic Poetry
poetry in which one or more characters speak
Epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
Blank Verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
Metaphor
a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as
Simile
a comparison of two unlike things using like or as
Personification
A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, or an idea is given human form or characteristics
Poetry
A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.
Parellelism
Repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure.
Onomatopoeia
Use of a word whose sound imitates its meaning.
Sarcision
Indicated the metrical pattern of a poem in this way. Marking the poem indicator marks.
Haiku
Japanese verse form. 5 syllables in the first line, 7 in the second, and 5 in the third.
Iambic Pentameter
Line of poetry that contains five iambs.