44 terms

Chapter 2: Mesopotamia Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Fertile Crescent
lush green area through which the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flow
Tigris River
one of the rivers of the Fertile Crescent
Euphrates River
one of the rivers of the Fertile Crescent
Mesopotamia
land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers-in Greek it means Fertile Crescent
silt
loose, rich soil carried by water
drought
long periods without rain
levee
wall built to prevent flooding
irrigation
a system of canals to bring water to crops and fields
erosion
the wearing away of soil by wind and water
Sumer
region in southern Mesopotamia
cuneiform
one of the earliest writing systems in the world
scribe
an official writer
city-state
a self-governing city that also governs nearby villages
ziggurat
tall, flattened pyramid made of mud-brick used as a temple
polytheism
a belief in many gods and goddesses
Enheduana
a Sumerian priestess
Sargon
king of city-state called Kish, father of Enheduana, united city states of Sumer
empire
a group of lands and people ruled by one government
Gilgamesh
hero in Sumerian legend
Assyria
large kingdom to the north of Sumer in Mesopotamia
Nineveh
one of Assyria's largest cities
Hammurabi
King of Babylon, reunited city-states of Sumer
Babylonia
Hammurabi's empire, capital city was Babylon
code of law
written collection of the laws that apply to the people ruled by one government
aqueduct
raised waterway to carry water long distances
Judaism
the religion of the Jewish people
Abraham
founder of Judaism, led by his people from Ur to Canaan
Canaan
present day Israel and Palestine in what was the southwestern portion of the fertile crescent, west of the Jordan river
covenant
a special agreement
Moses
prophet who led Israelites out of slavery Egypt
prophet
A person who speaks to god
Mount Sinai
mountain where Ten Commandments were given to Moses
Torah
first five books of the Hebrew Bible containing laws and teaching of Judaism
monotheism
belief in a single God
Ten Commandments
laws given to Moses by God on Mount Sinai
David
King of Israel who made Jerusalem the Capital
Jerusalem
an ancient city in Western Asia; capital of present day Israel
Solomon
Son of David and King of Israel; Built the temple at Jerusalem
Israel
the place where the Jewish people established their kingdom
Judah
the southern kingdom of the Jewish people; the name "Jew" comes from this word
Diaspora
the scattering of Jews away from their homeland
time line
A diagram that shows when events took place during a given period of time
century
A period of 100 years
decade
A period of 10 years