Texes Core 4-8 (Social Studies)
Terms in this set (62)
New England colonies
one of the three regions of the original 13 colonies. Consisted of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire. Economy was farming and small industry (fishing, lumber, crafts)
one of the three regions of the original 13 colonies. Consisted of New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. Economy was farming, shipping, fishing and trading.
one of the three regions of the original 13 colonies. Consisted of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. Economy was tobacco, rice, indigo and cotton.
first English colony established in 1607
colony established by Puritans fleeing persecution in England in 1620
the idea that people can vote for their own lawmakers and concepts & ideas can be deliberated and discussed by both legislators and the people who elected them.
one of the earliest agreements to establish a political body and to give that political body the power to act for the good of the colony. Signed in 1620 by the Pilgrims
The Age of Reason. A period during the 17th and 18th centuries when people began questioning religious dogma and emphasizing scientific reasoning and knowledge
Declaration of Independence
document that pronounced the colonies free and independent states. Consists of a preamble (introduction) followed by 3 main parts. Signed on July 4, 1776
Articles of Confederation
agreement among the 13 founding states that legally established the USA as a confederation of sovereign states and served as it's first constitution. Went into use in 1777 and formally ratified by all 13 states in 1781
Treaty of Paris
document officially signed in 1783 that ended the American Revolutionary War and gave independence to the United States of America
Document that helped the American government bolster it's strength. Officially ratified in 1788 and in 1789 George Washington was selected to be the 1st president of the US. Defined the 3 branches of government.
War of 1812
Conflict between Great Britain and the US over restriction of trade between the US and France, seizure of American ships by the British Navy and impressment of American sailors.
Treaty of Ghent
Signed in 1815. Ended the War of 1812
The concept of "America for Americans". The US would not become involved in European affairs and European countries were not to colonize the Western hemisphere
Issued by Abraham Lincoln, granting freedom to slaves in rebellious states.
Abolished slavery in the United States
Gave African Americans full citizenship
Granted voting rights to black men
Granted voting rights to women (1920)
18th and 21st amendment
Prohibited alcohol consumption (1919) and repealed then this amendment (1933)
Dred Scott v Sandford
Court case in which the Supreme Court ruled that slaves were not citizens of any state nor of the US and thus had no rights. A slave was property, not a person nor citizen (
Plessy v Ferguson
Court case that legalized segregation, allowing 'separate but equal' facilities for blacks and whites (1896)
Brown v Board of Education
Court case that outlawed segregation in public schools (1954)
10 year period from Oct. 29, 1929 - 1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt implemented a series of government-sponsored programs called the New Deal to revitalize the economy.
Proclamation warning communist countries that the US would help any nation in danger of falling under communist control. Led to involvement in both the Korean and Vietnam wars
Alonso de Leon
Man who established missions throughout Texas (San Francisco de los Tejas - 1690)
the purpose of these were to promote religious conversion and provide territorial claim and protection over Texas. 1682-1812
Year that Mexico obtained independence from Spain and took control of the colony of Texas
Years in which Texas functioned as an independent nation under President Sam Houston, finally joining the US as the 28th state.
The holiday that celebrates news of the Emancipation Proclamation reaching Galveston in 1865
Type of map that shows the locations of places, boundaries of states, counties and towns
Type of map that shows a particular topic, such as population density , agricultural, or economic features.
The exchange or transmission of cultural information and lifestyles from people around the world
The total value of all goods and services produced in the country. Is an important indicator of the standard of living.
Approach to tabulate GDP = C+I+G+(X-M)
Consumer consumption + Investment expenditures + Government spending + Difference between exports and imports in foreign sector spending
Approach to tabulate GDP calculated by adding up total compensation to employees, gross profits for firms, and taxes, less any subsidies
amendment in 1913 that allowed the imposition of direct taxation of the citizens (Federal Income Tax)
December 7, 1941
Attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese
ex post facto
Laws passed after the crime was committed providing penalty for an act that was not illegal at the time it was committed. Prohibited by the Constitution
bills of attainder
laws that give punishment to someone without a court trial first. Prohibited by the Constitution
Marbury v Madison
set forth Judicial Review in which the Supreme Court has power to declare unconstitutional any executive order or legislative act of either federal or state government.
Bill of Rights
First 10 Amendments to the US Constitution
separation of church and state
right to keep and bear arms
illegal to force people to offer quarter to soldiers during peacetime
right to privacy and unreasonable search and seizure
rights of due process, protection from self-incrimination, and double jeopardy
right to a speedy public trial
right to sue people
protection against cruel and unusual punishment
specific rights in the Constitution cannot be taken as a way to deny other rights retained by the people
rights not delegated to the federal government by the Constitution are reserved to the states or to the people
McCulloch v Maryland
Re: Bank of the United States. Established that the states did not have the power to tax the federal government
Gibbons v Ogden
Extended the definition of interstate commerce and cemented the power of the federal government over states when laws conflicted
Worcester v Georgia
Established the doctrine that the national government of the United States (not individual states) had authority in American Indian affairs
4 million years ago to 500 CE. Emphasizes the history of the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Sumer, Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, ancient China, ancient Greece, the Celts, the Romans and empires in Africa and India
500 CE - 1400 CE. Includes the Byzantine civilization, the rise of Islam, the Vikings, the Crusades, Genghis Khan and China, the African kingdoms and the Hundred Years War
age of discovery
1400 - 1700 CE. A period in history starting in the early 15th century continuing to the 17th century during which Europeans engaged in intensive exploration and mapping of the world. Led to the rise of transfer of plants, animals, foods, and human populations, the spread of communicable diseases and the sharing of cultures.
revolution and industry
1700-1900 CE. This period of enlightenment includes the birth of the Russian empire, birth of the United States, the Napoleonic era, the Industrial Revolution, and the unification of Germany and Italy
1900 CE - present WWI, WWII, Great Depression, revolution in China, Israel -v- Palestine, the Cold War, the space race, equal rights for women, and increased globalization
began in Massachusetts in 1775. British forces were repelled from Concord and forced back to Boston