Active - When the subject of the sentence is doing the action. Ex. "The tornado ravaged the town." (Linking verbs are not "action verbs" - don't have a voice - "State-of-Being" Verbs)
What is Passive Verb Voice?
Passive - When the action is performed and the subject is the receiver of the action. "The town was ravaged by the tornado." (Uses helping verbs - am, are, is, was, were)
What are the three types of Mood?
Indicative Imperative Subjunctive
What is Indicative mood?
It is most common and found in declarative and interrogative sentences. Ex. "My shirt is green."
What is Imperative mood?
Found in imperative sentences, states a command or request but may imply a sense of uncertainty "Forgive us our trespasses."
What is Subjunctive mood?
Used to imply condition, like, "If I were a Martian, I would be green." To express a condition contrary to fact, and to express a wish.
What is a Declarative sentence?
makes a statement and ends with a period (.) Ex. I like animals.
What is an Interrogative sentence?
asks a question and ends with a question mark (?) Ex. Do you like animal?
What is an Imperative sentence?
gives a command and has "you" or an implied or understood "you" as the subject of the sentence Ex. Be kind to animals.
What is an Exclamatory sentence?
shows strong feeling and ends with an exclamation mark (!) Ex. I love animals!
What is a Proper Noun?
Is a specific person, place or thing and is Capitalized. Ex. Washington, Bible, Paul, etc.
What is a Common Noun?
Is a non-specific person, place or thing and is Not Capitalized. Ex. student, citizen, voter, teacher, etc.
What is a Concrete Noun?
(physical world) - can touch, be seen or tasted: tree, flower and dog - can experience it: movie, soccer - physical substance: universe, oxygen