5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Frederick the Wise
- Christain Humanism
- Teresa of Avila
- Leipzig Debate
- a Martin Luther's prince. He amassed over 19,000 relics which were attached to indulgences that could reduce someone's time in purgatory by nearly 2 million years.
- b Luther debated with Johann Eck, a Catholic theologian. This debate made Luther see the consequences of his new theology.
- c was a prominent Spanish mystic, Roman Catholic saint, Carmelite nun, and writer of the Counter Reformation, and theologian of contemplative life through mental prayer. She was a reformer of the Carmelite Order and is considered to be, along with John of the Cross, a founder of the Discalced Carmelites
- d goal was to reform Christianity. They focused on classical writings and the sources of Christianity. They found a more simple religion compared to how it changed by theological arguments in the Middle Ages. The humanists set up reform programs to teach classical Christianity to instill a true inner religious feeling that would promote reform in the church and society. They supported schools, made new editions of the classics, and made new editions of the bible and religious writings made by religious fathers.
- e the most influential humanist. He created and made popular the reform program of Christian humanism. He was an orphan and was educated at an orphanage. He believed that Christianity is guided by our everyday actions rather than practices that the medieval church stresses. He edited the Vulgate because he thought it contained errors and published a new one along with a Latin translation. His reformation program included spreading and understanding the philosophy of Jesus. His programs didn't succeed in reforming the church. His work prepared the Reformation.
5 Multiple choice questions
- author of the Imitation of Christ. Wrote that on the day of judgment we shall not be examined by what we have read, but by what we have done and how religiously we have lived.
- was a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI. He helped build a favourable case for Henry's divorce from Catherine of Aragon which resulted in the separation of the English Church from union with the Holy See
- is a Catholic brotherhood formed in 1497 by an man called Ettore Vernazza. It was first set up in Genoa, Italy but soon spread across the country. It main aims were to help the country from disease and poverty and spread the word of God.
- was a Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest since 1537, and theologian, who founded the Society of Jesus and was its first Superior General Ignatius emerged as a religious leader during the Counter-Reformation
- 1527. the protestant reformation has been going on for 10 years. The holy roman empire is annoyed by Clemonth and Charles the 5th has soldiers from germany and spain that haven't been paid in awhile. He allows those soldiers go into Rome. This allowed a lot of pressure on the pope. Pressure to the Pope from Charles to refuse Henry's divorce.
5 True/False questions
Phillip Melancthon → went to Wittenberg to teach Greek and Hebrew at 21 and was attracted to the ideas of Luther and become a staunch supporter.
Martin Luter → was a powerful English statesman and a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. Born in humble circumstances, he was introduced to the court of King Henry VII, who recognized his abilities and appointed him Royal Chaplain
Ulrich Zwingli → is an order of friars in the Catholic Church, among the chief offshoots of the Franciscans. The worldwide head of the Capuchins, called a minister general, is currently Father Mauro Jöhri
John Calvn &the institutes o Chistian reigion → was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism. Originally trained as a humanist lawyer, he broke from the Roman Catholic Church around 1530
Pope Paul III → was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1534 to his death in 1549. He came to the papal throne in an era following the sack of Rome in 1527 and rife with uncertainties in the Catholic Church following the Protestant Reformation